!2019 – Top 40 Project Management Terms and Concepts of 2019

!2019 – Top 40 Project Management Terms and Concepts of 2019

reTwogger: 190308tko.

Compiled below are some of the most commonly referred to project management concepts and key terms that’ll benefit you even if you’re a seasoned pro. Go ahead and give your vocabulary a boost it deserves.

General Project Management Terms

1. Project Plan

A project plan is one of the key formal documents created before starting any project. The document usually consists of approved cost, schedule, and project scope. It guides the execution of a project from initiation to project closure. The project plan also lays the foundation for all kinds of communication among the stakeholders.

2. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

A work breakdown structure comprehensively divides the project deliverables into manageable sections. This hierarchical organizing of the team’s work helps everyone understand the nature of work better and execute project goals effectively.

3. Critical Path Method (CPM)

CPM is an algorithm particularly used for scheduling the project activities. It is used to determine the step-by-step sequence of activities, which in turn determines the total time of the project. These activities must be completed according to this set sequence to achieve the project goals.

4. Project Manager

The person responsible for handling every aspect of a project from the day it starts until it closes is called a project manager. The responsibilities of a project manager typically entail powerful planning, smart resource utilization, and managing the scope of the project.

5. Project Stakeholder

Any individual that has a direct or indirect interest in a project is known as a project stakeholder. They usually affect, or are affected by, the project decisions being taken over the course of project lifecycle. A stakeholder can be anyone from the project team, executives, sponsors, customers, or the end users.

6. Project Portfolio Management

Project portfolio management (PPM) involves collective management of a series of projects to achieve organizational goals. It allows the teams to visualize the big picture of all projects and maximize the return on investment.

7. Collaboration

The process of actively involving each team member in project activities is called collaboration. The whole concept demands development of an interconnected network through which individuals exchange information and monitor the project performance.

8. Agile Project Management

Agile project management is an iterative and incremental approach to delivering projects. The approach focuses on breaking down the project into small cycles, known as “iterations.” These iterations are then prioritized in terms of urgency or importance. There are multiple frameworks associated with Agile implementation, Scrum being one of the most popular ones.

9. Waterfall Model

Waterfall model is a traditional project management approach to project lifecycle. The model works in a similar pattern as a physical waterfall. The project development takes place systematically, from one phase to another in a downward fashion. Each phase has to be completed before moving on to the next phase and there is no overlapping of the phases, making it difficult to make any amendments.

10. Project Budget

A formally approved document featuring a comprehensive list of financial resources, including project expenses, required to complete a project.

11. Project Timeline

A project timeline outlines the project events in order of their occurrence. It captures exactly what needs to be done over the course of project lifecycle and how it will be done.

Gantt Project Management Terms

Simply put, Gantt charts are used for visualizing the project schedule in the form of a graph. The chart illustrates what needs to be done at a particular time period during the project lifecycle. The key terms associated with Gantt charts are:

12. Milestone

A milestone represents a major event in a project lifecycle. It is used as a reference point to measure the progress of a project. Usually represented as diamonds, milestones greatly help with project scheduling and monitoring.

13. Dependencies

Dependencies specify the relationship between project activities and the order in which they are to be performed. There are 4 kinds of dependencies:

  1. Start-to-start – Predecessor task must start before Successor can start
  2. Finish-to-start – Predecessor must finish before Successor can start
  3. Start-to-finish – Predecessor must start before Successor can finish
  4. Finish-to-finish – Predecessor must finish before Successor can finish

Kanban Project Management Terms

A popular project management methodology, Kanban uses a virtual pinboard approach to delivering projects. Utilizing movable cards for showing the project progress overtime is essentially what makes up a Kanban system. When discussing Kanban, some of the commonly used project management terms are:

14. Work-in-Progress (WIP)

At any point during a project, the number of task items a team is currently working on is called work-in-progress. It indicates the capacity of the team’s workflow in any moment.

15. Work-in-Progress Limit

WIP limit restricts the maximum amount of work that can exist in different stages of a workflow. Limiting work-in-progress allows teams to identify bottlenecks faster and focus on single work items better.

16. Bottleneck

A bottleneck is a work stage where the inflow of workload is greater than the capacity of the system, resulting in hindering the smooth flow of work over time.

17. Scrum

Scrum is a popular framework utilized for successfully implementing Agile. The framework uses the iterative method of delivering projects and is based upon continuous systematic collaboration among team members in between the project cycle.

18. Sprint

A sprint is a fixed unit of time during which specific tasks has to be completed. Typically, the duration of a sprint is determined by the Scrum master (team’s facilitator). During a sprint, daily standups are conducted to monitor the progress towards sprint goals.

Meeting Project Management Terms

Professional team meetings are a core component of any project, but there are many meeting terminologies that a lot of us don’t know about. Some of these commonly used project management terms are:

19. Kickoff Meeting

A kickoff meeting is generally the first meeting that occurs between the project team and their client. This meeting usually occurs after the basic project details have been finalized, but the main project work has not been started yet. It serves the purpose of reviewing the project expectations and to create alignment between everyone involved in the project.

20. Meeting Agenda

A meeting agenda is simply a list of all the topics that are to be discussed during a meeting. It may include detailed topic descriptions, their sequence, and the expected outcomes of each topic.

21. Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes are written notes of whatever is discussed during a meeting. These minutes can be circulated among meeting participants after the meeting to gain valuable insights and take appropriate follow-up actions.

22. Stand-up Meeting

A stand-up meeting, also known as the daily Scrum, is a daily short meeting conducted to get an update from every team member about their work progress. Usually, a stand-up meeting is conducted at the same time and same place every day.

23. Follow Up

A meeting follow-up includes all the activities that are targeted towards collecting feedback from the meeting participants after a meeting. Sometimes a dedicated follow-up meeting is conducted to serve the purpose.

Resourcing Project Management Terms

One of the most important project management concepts revolves around the term “resource.” Out of numerous terminologies associated with resource management, some are:

24. Resource Allocation

Resource allocation involves scheduling and assigning of resources for a project in the most efficient way possible. The purpose of resource allocation is to maximize the use of available resources in a way that supports the project’s end goals.

25. Resource Breakdown Structure

A comprehensive list of resources required to complete a project. This list is usually made according to the function and resource type, facilitating the planning and control of a project work.

26. Resource Leveling

Resource leveling is the process of adjusting the project schedule in a way that keeps a resource use below a set limit. It ensures that a resource doesn’t have to work overtime. Resource leveling has an impact on project’s critical path.

27. Resource Availability

Resource availability specifies whether a particular resource is available at a given time or not.

28. Resource Calendar

A resource calendar indicates all the working and non-working days a specific resource will be available.

Project Risk Management Terms

Any uncertain event or condition that has a probability of occurrence during a project is typically known as a project risk. Risks usually have the potential to impact the overall project objectives. Some common project management terms related to project risk tracking include:

29. Risk Management

In a nutshell, the process of identifying and assessing risks to decrease their negative impact on project operations is called risk management. During the process, it is made sure that overall project goals are not affected in any way.

30. Risk Mitigation

A strategy devised to decrease the probability of adverse effects of risk is known as risk mitigation. A successful risk mitigation strategy focuses on developing actions that reduce possible threats to overall project objectives.

31. Risk Monitoring and Control

Risk monitoring and control involves tracking how the risk responses are performing in comparison to the original risk management plan.

32. Risk Owner

A person responsible for ensuring that a particular risk is managed appropriately is a risk owner. One of the core duties of a risk owner is to make sure that the mitigation strategy is implemented effectively. He can also sometimes be involved with performing qualitative and quantitative risk analysis.

Issue Management and Bug Tracking Terms

33. Issue Management

The comprehensive process of identifying, resolving, and tracking issues associated with your projects comes under issue management. The purpose of issue management is to timely resolve the issues before they become big disasters.

34. Issue Tracking

Issue tracking is the process of identifying a possible bug or error in the product which is affecting its optimal performance. Often, a professional issue tracking software is kept in place for efficient issue tracking.

35. Issue Log

A complete record of all the project issues (ongoing and closed), along with the people responsible for resolving them is included in an issue log. The document may also include each issue’s status and resolution deadlines.

36. Issue Types

Issue type defines the particular category of an issue your project is likely to encounter during its lifecycle. The process makes assigning and tracking of issues easy for their timely resolution.

Usually, there are three types of issues your project encounters over its lifetime:

  1. Bug – Any problem or issue that affects the functionality of your product
  2. Epic – A large chunk of work consisting of multiple issues is called an epic
  3. Story – Also known as ‘user stories’ are short feature requests from the perspective of an end user

QA Project Management Terms

Quality of a project refers to a clearly defined set of deliverables by the stakeholders. What exactly they want from a project is usually defined in terms of project quality. Common QA project management terms include:

37. Quality Planning

Quality planning identifies the expected quality standards that are to be met during the project, and creating systems which ensures these standards are met with effectiveness. In quality planning, it is determined how vigilant a team needs to be when fulfilling the quality standards.

38. Quality Assurance

A set of planned and systematic activities implemented to monitor the project processes in a way that project quality requirements are fulfilled. Quality assurance is done during the project and involves regular quality audits.

39. Quality Control

Quality control involves the use of standardized practices to evaluate whether the resulting product of a project meets quality expectations or not. The process is conducted after the product has been created to identify any changes that might be required in the quality assurance process.

40. Quality Management Plan

A quality management plan is a detailed plan consisting of stakeholders’ quality expectations, quality assurance, and quality control policies to successfully execute a project. This plan is usually a part of project management plan.

This marks the end of our compilation of project management concepts. If you would like to make any corrections or additions to the list, please don’t hesitate to comment below.

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!2019 – otimetot ePreneurs

retwogger: 190223tko
Where should you start? Get:

– a Facebook Fan Page,

– Facebook Ads,

– Google Ads;

– Insta-stories;

– eCommerce;

– Digital Publishing;

– Consulting;

– Coaching.

– who has time to keep up!

Here we go guys: **LIVE TRAINING**

– This is a ONE-TIME Only Opportunity.

Join us to learn the 4 STEP System to building an amazing online business while ALSO becoming a Best-Selling author!

#1 – The I.C.S.S. Model – The 4 Steps to Quickly Building an Amazing Business!

#2 – How To Build an Incredibly Engaged Email List – But, Using a Secret Giveaway Many Never Discuss!

#3 – The Quick Model To Becoming a TRUE Expert in ANY Niche You Want…

#4 – How To Become a BEST-SELLING Author While Delivering Your Message To The World!

#5 – The Exact Process To Generating Over $24.5 Million in Sales While Living Your Passion & Changing Lives!

This is a ONE TIME opportunity only – DO NOT Miss this amazing training.
//———-retwogger: 190223tko———-

!2019 – T4 Tax Slip Release dates for Federal Servants

reTwogger: 190215tko

Department access schedule for 2018 tax slips

Friday Feb 22, 2019

  • Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada (ATS)
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AGR)
  • Canadian Dairy Commission (CDC)
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency (ICA)
  • Canadian Grain Commission (CGC)
  • Canadian Heritage (PCH)
  • Canadian High Arctic Research Station (CHR)
  • Canadian International Trade Tribunal (BCO)
  • Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (RTC)
  • Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSI)
  • Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP (RPP)
  • Correctional Service Canada (PEN)
  • Courts Administration Service (CAJ)
  • Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario (ESO)
  • Global Affairs Canada (EXT)
  • House of Commons (Members) (MPA)
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB)
  • Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IMC)
  • Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (IAN)
  • National Film Board of Canada (NFB)
  • Natural Resources Canada (RSN)
  • Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada (LOB)
  • Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner (SRT)
  • Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PXR)
  • Privy Council Office (PCO)
  • Public Safety Canada (PSP)
  • RCMP External Review Committee (REC)
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCM)
  • Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIR)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSH)

Monday Feb 25, 2019

  • Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions (FRD)
  • Canada Revenue Agency (NAR)
  • Canadian Human Rights Commission (HRC)
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CRI)
  • Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CSN)
  • Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
  • Canadian Transportation Agency (ATN)
  • Communications Security Establishment (CSE)
  • Department of Finance Canada (FIN)
  • Elections Canada (CEO)
  • Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (CFC)
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission (MHI)
  • House of Commons (HOC)
  • Infrastructure Canada (INF)
  • Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (DUS)
  • Library and Archives Canada (BAL)
  • Library of Parliament (LIB)
  • National Energy Board (ENR)
  • National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians (NSI)
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSE)
  • Northern Pipeline Agency (NPA)
  • Office of the Auditor General of Canada (AUD)
  • Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages (COL)
  • Office of the Information Commissioners of Canada (IPC)
  • Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (SIF)
  • Public Health Agency of Canada (AHS)
  • Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPD)
  • Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC)
  • Supreme Court of Canada (SUC)
  • Telefilm Canada (FDC)
  • Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB)
  • Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBD)
  • Western Economic Diversification Canada (WCO)

Tuesday Feb 26, 2019

  • Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (OCC)
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (EAA)
  • Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat (CIC)
  • Copyright Board of Canada (COP)
  • Employment and Social Development Canada (CSD)
  • Environment and Climate Change Canada (DOE)
  • Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FNA)
  • Health Canada (NHW)
  • Indian Oil and Gas Canada (IOG)
  • International Joint Commission (IJC)
  • Military Grievances External Review Committee (FCG)
  • Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada (CPM)
  • National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces (DND)
  • National Research Council Canada (NRC)
  • Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner (ETH)
  • Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI)
  • Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC)
  • Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada (INT)
  • Office of the Secretary to the Governor General (GGS)
  • Office of the Senate Ethics Officer (ESN)

Wednesday Feb 27, 2019

  • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACO)
  • Canada Border Services Agency (BSF)
  • Canada School of Public Service (CES)
  • Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency (NED)
  • Department of Justice (JUS)
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
  • Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada (FJA)
  • Parks Canada (CAP)
  • Parole Board of Canada (NPB)
  • Public Services and Procurement Canada (SVC)
  • Statistical Survey Operations (SYT)
  • Statistics Canada (STC)
  • Senate (Employees) (SEN)
  • Shared Services Canada (GSS)
  • Status of Women Canada (CSW)
  • The National Battlefields Commission (NBC)
  • Transport Canada (MOT)
  • Veterans Affairs Canada (DVA)
  • Veterans Review and Appeal Board (AVC)

//———-reTwogger: 190215tko———-

!2019 – No perfect family

reTwogger: 190118kto

Please look at the speech that was read yesterday at retirement by the Pope.
Regardless of religion, see how Pope Francis has beautifully written about the family.

FAMILY, PLACE OF FORGIVENESS …

© There is no perfect family.
© We do not have perfect parents,
– we are not perfect,
We do not marry a perfect person or we do not have perfect children.
© We have complaints from each other.
© We are constantly disappointed.
© There is no healthy marriage or healthy family without the exercise of forgiveness.
© Forgiveness is vital to our emotional health and spiritual survival. Without forgiveness, the family becomes an arena of conflict and a fortress of evil.
© Without forgiveness, the family becomes sick.
© Forgiveness is the asepsis of the soul, the purification of the spirit and the liberation of the heart.
He who does not forgive does not have peace in his soul or communion with God.
© Evil is a poison that intoxicates and kills.
© Keeping heartache in your heart is a self-destructive gesture. It’s autophagy.
© Those who do not forgive are physically, emotionally and spiritually ill.
For this reason, the family must be a place of life and not a place of death;
a place of paradise and not a place of hell;
A healing territory and not a disease;
an internship of forgiveness and not guilt.
Forgiveness brings joy where sorrow has brought sadness; of the
Healing where sorrow has caused the disease.
A family is a place of support and not of gossip and slander of one another. Shame those who plant evil about others. We are family and not enemies.
When anyone is going through a challenge all they need is support.

¤ Pope Francisco

Please send to all the families you know. This could help extinguish some family battles!

//———reTwogger: 190118kto———


African family

!2019 – Protecting the Earth_1

Retwogger: 190102tko.

What say you for Humanity in 2019?

I like the entire world to rid itself of corruption that leads to destruction of our beautiful Earth. GMO must be banned on planet Earth and let’s restore our safe food systems. Deforestation of Amazon and other Global Forests must stop. Vaccination has toxins in them so must be checked now. We want love, gratitude and respect for one another.

Old Dirty filthy-hand corrupt Politicians and Bureaucrats should be rejected and ejected off the stage same goes for phony Scientists.
Lets clean up our blue oceans and leave no child behind(Education & Health).

Let’s get rid of diseases like cancer and poliomaelitis as well TB and Arthritis and their causes.

We must stop all wars on Earth as Bombs and Guns don’t solve problems shall we? American-Saudi-UK led Yemen carnage must stop now. Wars in Lybia and Syria must end now. Wars in Mali and Togo and ethnic cleansing in Sudan and South Sudan we must end them now. Political and Economic interferences in other nations must stop.
We must also start ridding ourselves of the use of Fossilized fuels and design new smart sustainable energy sources real quick.

“Save Environment. Save Humanity now.”

Written for Avaaz. Shared for the World.

//———-Retwogger: 190102tko.———-


Our beautiful blue planet Earth with her wonderful daughter-moon.

!2018 – myYearEndQuotes

reTwogger: 181220tko

“Excellence is never an accident; it is the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction, skillful execution and the vision to see obstacles as opportunities.”

#excellence #effort #execution
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!2018 – Eliminate BellyFat_2

reTwogger: 181106kto.

#EliminateBellyFat

Ingredients :

  1. Ginger root – Helps speed up your metabolism and eliminates unwanted parts of your body.
  2. Lemon – Burns fat, great antioxidant
  3. Garlic – Improves blood circulation and detoxifies body.
  4. Green tea (Guava/Moringa/Avocado) leaf-

Method:

Grate ginger and garlic, add lemon juice and there after cut the lemon pieces. Put all in a pan. Add 1 litre or 4 cups of boiled water, boil for 5 minutes, Add 3 spoons of the KK Garden Uganda green leaf tea for let it boil for another 5 minutes. Sieve and put in a flask. You can add organic natural honey in case the taste is not comfortable.

//———-reTwogger: 181106kto.———-

!2018 – Top10 GMO (Genetically modified Organisms)_1

reTwogger: 181004tko.
GMO PRODUCTS:

Campbell’s words:

GMO is short for “genetically modified organisms.” It is sometimes called genetic engineering and refers to a process where desirable traits or characteristics are introduced into an organism.

In America many farmers who grow canola, corn, soybean and sugar beet choose to use genetically modified seeds and have done so for nearly twenty years because it reduces costs and improves yields. More than 90% of these four crops in America are currently grown using genetically modified seeds. These crops are used to make a wide range of different ingredients that are used in foods we eat every day, ranging from vegetable oils to sugar.

We are comfortable using these genetically modified crops because scientists and the FDA, who have been studying genetic engineering for many years, agree that food ingredients made with these methods are safe and aren’t different from other ingredients. Click here to learn more.

We know many of you want to know which ingredients we use are derived from these crops. The following list is a comprehensive selection of ingredients that we use that may be derived from crops grown from genetically engineered seeds. These ingredients are NOT used in all products.

  • Corn
  • Corn (except sweet corn kernels)
  • Corn chips
  • Corn oil
  • Corn flour
  • Corn gluten
  • Corn starch
  • Corn syrup
  • Dextrose
  • High fructose corn syrup
  • Maltodextrin
  • Modified corn starch
  • Modified waxy maize
  • Sugar beets

  • Citric acid
  • Sugar/Sucrose
  • Sugar syrup
  • Invert sugar
  • Molasses
  • Brown sugar
  • Soybeans

  • Hydrolyzed soy protein
  • Soybean flour
  • Soy lecithin
  • Soybean oil
  • Soy protein concentrate
  • Soy protein isolate
  • Soybean hulls (fiber)
  • Vegetable oil
  • Canola / Cottonseed

  • Canola oil
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Flax seed
  • Margarine
  • Partially hydrogenated cottonseed oil
  • Vegetable oil

NON-GMO PRODUCTS

We make a selection of certified organic products that do not contain ingredients derived from GMO crops. These are: Campbell’s Organic soups, Campbell’s Organic soups for kids, Swanson Certified Organic Chicken and Vegetable broth.

OUR POSITION ON GMO LABELING

Campbell is committed to printing clear and simple language on the labels of our U.S. products which use ingredients derived from genetically modified crops.

We support legislation recently passed by the Senate because it’s a national solution and avoids a patchwork of different state labeling laws.

While this legislation offers a range of disclosure options for manufacturers, we will introduce an on-pack statement as we know that’s what the overwhelming majority of Americans support. We’re working on language that provides specific ingredient information and supports the science that GMOs are safe. We’ve conducted robust consumer research on a range of wording options and are working with regulatory agencies to introduce these over time.”

//———-reTwogger: 181004tko———-

From the loyal Web.

!2018 – Hydrogenated Oil & Transfat

reTwogger: 181001tko.

You Should Be Avoiding Hydrogenated Oils, Here’s How

A lot of the foods that we so conveniently get from the grocery store and eat contain hydrogenated oils. It’s to help keep foods maintain a longer shelf life and to save costs. And when a food item contains hydrogenated oils, it most likely contains trans fat, which is incredibly bad for health. While it may be hard sometimes to know what has partially hydrogenated oil in it, there are some ways, here’s how and why you should avoid it.

5 Ways To Avoid Hydrogenated Oil

Food companies began using hydrogenated oil to help increase shelf life and save costs.

Hydrogenation is a process in which a liquid unsaturated fat is turned into a solid fat by adding hydrogen. During this manufactured partially hydrogenated processing, a type of fat called trans fat is made. While small amounts of trans fats are found naturally in some foods, most trans fats in the diet come from these processed hydrogenated fats. Partially hydrogenated oil isn’t always easy to spot, but there are ways to spot it and avoid it. Click

1. Read Food Labels Carefully

Since partially hydrogenated oil contains trans fats, it’s best to avoid any food product that contains partially hydrogenated oil. Still, a product labeled as free from trans fats doesn’t mean it is. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a company can label a food free of trans fats if the actual content is 0.5 grams per serving or less. This isn’t the same as 0 grams.
Some food labels claim no trans fats have been added, but partially hydrogenated oil may still be listed as one of the ingredients. So it’s important to read both the food label and the ingredients list. Here’s how to read food labels without being tricked:

2. Know The Common Culprits

Partially hydrogenated oils are most commonly found in foods that also have saturated fat.
Avoid these foods when you see them: margarine; vegetable shortening; packaged snacks; baked foods, especially premade versions; ready-to-use dough; fried foods; coffee creamers, both dairy and nondairy.

3. Use Vegetable Oils For Cooking

Margarine and shortening are easy to cook with, but they contain partially hydrogenated oils. Opt for heart-healthy vegetable or plant oils, such as safflower, olive, or avocado oil instead. One study from 2011 showed safflower oil may improve blood glucose levels and lipids and decrease inflammation. Olive oil and avocado oil have also been shown to be heart-healthy oils.
Consider baking and broiling your foods instead of frying them to save on fat and calories.

4. Limit Packaged Foods

Partially hydrogenated oils go hand in hand with food preservation, so hydrogenated fat often ends up in packaged foods. Decrease your dependence on packaged foods. Start by eliminating one food group at a time.
For example, cook your own rice or potatoes from scratch instead of relying on seasoned, boxed versions.

5. Make Over Your Snacks

Snacks can be an important part of a balanced diet. They can sustain you until the next meal, keep you from being overly hungry, and prevent drops in blood sugar. The problem is that many convenient snacks are made with partially hydrogenated oil.
Opt for more satiating snacks that are naturally free of trans fats, including: mixed nuts, carrot sticks, apple slices, bananas; plain yogurt. Remember to check the labels of any packaged goods you might eat with these snacks, such as hummus, peanut butter, and yogurt.

//———-reTwogger: 181001tko.———-