Month: April 2015


———20150428tko: reBlogger———
How to configure VLAN on CISCO SWITCH_5.2.

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Configuring VLAN on a Cisco Switch.

On this page, we learn how to configure:

* Telnet line & Password
* Console line & Password
* VLAN & Names
* Switch Host Names
* Assigning a Switch Port
* Delete a VLAN

The following is a basic configuration of VLAN on Cisco Switch Interfaces:

Before you begin you must have worked out your IP addresses

We are configuring VLAN ports for three departments:

1. VLAN 10, Name: orbit

2. VLAN 20, Name:cisco

3. VLAN 30, Name: Student

We use the topology below as an example:

How to configure CCNA VLAN on Cisco Switch

1. Configuring Telnet line and password:

switch1#config t
Switch1(config)#enable secret cisco
Switch1(config)#line vty 0 15
Switch1(config-line)#password cisco

2. Configuring console line and password:

Switch1(config)#line con 0
Switch1(config-line)#password cisco

3. Create and Configure VLANs and Names on Switch:

Switch1#config t

switch1(config)#vlan 10
switch1(config-vlan)#name orbit

switch1(config)#vlan 20
switch1(config-vlan)#name cisco

Switch1(config)#vlan 30
Switch1(config-vlan)#name student


4. To view your configurations, use the show vlan command:-

Switch1#show vlan

VLAN Name Status Ports

—- ——————————– ——— ——————————-

1 default active Fa0/1, Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4

Fa0/5, Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8

Fa0/9, Fa0/10, Fa0/11, Fa0/12

Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/15, Fa0/16

Fa0/17, Fa0/18, Fa0/19, Fa0/20

Fa0/21, Fa0/22, Fa0/23, Fa0/24

Gig1/1, Gig1/2

10 orbit active

20 cisco active

30 student active

1002 fddi-default active

1003 token-ring-default active

1004 fddinet-default active

005 trnet-default active


5. How to assign a switchport to a VLAN.

After creating your VLAN, you can assign a switch port to the VLAN .

VLAN 20, is statically assigned to port F0/8 on switch S1:

Switch1#config t
Switch1(config)#interface fa0/2
Switch1(config-if)#switchport mode access
Switch1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 20
Switch1(config-if)#no shut

NB:use the above commands to assign the rest of the VLANs a switchport access.

6. How to delete VLANs

To delete a VLAN, use the global configuration command no vlan vlan-id to remove VLAN 20 from the switch.


Switch1(config)#no vlan 20

7. Use the show vlan brief command to verify that VLAN 20 is no longer in the vlan.dat file.

8. Alternatively, the entire vlan.dat file can be deleted using the command delete flash:vlan.dat from privileged EXEC mode. After the switch is reloaded, the previously configured VLANs will no longer be present. This effectively places the switch into its “factory default” concerning VLAN configurations.

2015 – GMO Labeling is gr8_5.2

reBlogged 20150422tko 4rm FB
2015 – 0422 GMO Labeling is good.

Lableling of GMO’s should be implemented on the federal level but as usual Vermont leads the nation forward. Labeling is science in action. Knowing the ingredients, fats or tranfats, protein, vitamins and now GMO’s is good for scientists, people with allergies, people on diets, researchers, athletes and everyone else. Labeling foods is a essential and gives a useful scientific insight into our diet. The rest of the civilized world labels GMO’s and now Vermont leads the way in the US. Congratulations Vermont! I wish my state had half the wisdom yours does.

Is corn with a gene tuned on to glow in the dark
or build in pesticides
or with built in pharmaceuticals the same as regular corn?
Why would anyone object to knowing if some lab worker shot in an experimental gene that had never ever been in corn or any natural product? Knowing that your corn has genes from bacteria, a virus, a centipede, monkey, pig or human is something that most people especially research scientists would like to know. Why hide that fact from consumers?
Is putting in any genes in food ok?
GMO corn is already heavily engineered. What will it be like in 2 years, 5, 10, etc. Without GMO labeling at what point do we decide that this GMO corn with a variety of genes from insects, viruses, bacteria, and aardvarks can no longer be called just corn.
If genetic engineering can do wonders can’t it also by accident or on purpose be used to create foods that cause allergies, indigestion or death or even be used to engineer viruses for bioterrorism? The answer is yes. People have a right to know. Labeling GMO’s is a good idea. Why hide constantly changing genetically engineered foods? Why not label them now and be done with this otherwise eternal question.

Labeling GMO’s is easy, just like putting the ingredient Corn on a label now manufacturers will instead need to add Corn (GMO). It’s a tiny amount of ink on the label, simple and not a big deal. They already do it all over Europe and the same foods there cost less then here in the US.

When labeling was proposed a hundred years ago manufacturers of food at that time loudly complained that they had the right to put anything they wanted into processed foods. The evolution of labeling is just continuing. Opposing GMO labeling is ludicrous and mostly backed by Monsanto and DOW who also loudly say people don’t have the right to know it’s GMO and worry labeling would affect their bottom line. GMO labeling is essential and is science in action.

2015 – 7 Qualities of Tomorrow’s Leaders_5.1

Tomorrow´s leaders will live, work, and compete in a highly fluid, disruptive, and sensitive world. To succeed and to live a fulfilled professional and personal life, this new breed of leaders possess very unique skills, characteristics, and values – 7 distinctive qualities!

This article comprehensively outlines what it takes to become a great future leader. It is based on 100 articles that I wrote as an Influencer here on LinkedIn over the past three years and which have already been read by more than 3 million business professionals, commented on several thousand times, and liked by tens of thousands.

For the first time ever I have categorized the key messages (including main comments and key discussion points) of these 100 articles into seven categories which in my opinion represent the seven main qualities of tomorrow´s top leaders.

Within the next two weeks I´ll publish a book with the same title like today´s article. The following text is a LinkedIN-exclusive and pre-published summary of the book. It explains in a succinct manner how the best leaders will lead and live in the future and how you can become one of them.

Quality 1 – Inspire!
Tomorrow´s top leaders truly think bold and big. They challenge themselves and their teams to live their dreams. They trust in their skills and capabilities, search for the big picture, and enjoy looking beyond it. They think, feel, behave, and act positively. They surround themselves with like-minded believers, positive shapers, and creative makers. They have understood that you are what you eat, i.e. you are affected by the company you keep.

They use the power of questioning (e.g. tons of Why and Why Not questions) to overcome fear of failure, bringing more alteration to their lives, and helping to uncover what one really wants to do with their life to assist in triggering improvements and innovations.

Although these leaders also analyze mistakes and failures of the past, they are much more focused on developing future visions by thinking outside of the box. And afterwards, they spend a lot of time explaining their visions to their teams to get their buy-in and support.

Quality 2 – Lead & Execute!
Tomorrow´s top leaders avoid what quite often causes today´s experienced and successful business leaders to arrive at utterly wrong conclusions, since the latter lack comprehension of how to live by two of today’s most relevant business and leadership principles. First, they are not VUCA leaders. Second, they have not been able to grasp the concept of DyBoPe leadership. These are two crucial concepts for future leaders.

They are both effective and efficient by aiming at doing the right things in the right way. They are not driven by short-term results, instead they are completely customer-centric following a long-term perspective. They strongly believe in the art of execution and know how hard and painful it can be to have things seamlessly implemented. 

The outstanding leaders of the future master one of the ultimate balancing acts of superior leadership – they know how to lead with head and heart. Meaning they are respected for having both a strong results focus and social skills. Or, as Eleanor Roosevelt stated: “To handle yourself, use your head. To handle others, use your heart.”

Quality 3 – Explore!
Tomorrow´s top leaders have a strong passion to learn, to question, to dive deep, and to be misunderstood. Relentlessly.

Their interest goes far beyond their own organizations and industries. They absorb whatever comes across their way and catches their interest. With curiosity they try to figure out what a new watch from Apple might mean for them, what implications it could have when Mark Zuckerberg starts his own reading club, when Articificial Intelligence is nominated by a company as a board member for the first time ever, when Airbus builds an electric plane (and not Tesla), how Puma could compete with Nike and Adidas (or not), when Disney bids farewell to the movie star, or if Microsoft might be cool again.

Quality 4 – Grow!
Tomorrow´s top leaders believe that you will get what you want and that there are no limits to personal growth. They are what I call “Realistic Optimists,” i.e. being both optimistic and realistic. As such, they combine the two into one behavioral style that creates a unique sense of open-mindedness, attention, and focus. This high level of awareness and focus allows them to see things many of us do not notice while we´re too busy with problems and ourselves.

They are masters at succeeding professionally and personally by following certain principles to better navigate their lives and to concentrate more on establishing sustainable and precious relationships to guarantee success without personal regrets. They are clear about what they want to achieve in life and about the price they have to pay for it. They have reframed the notion of work-life-balance as they´ve realized that work and life are irrevocably interlinked. They have found smart ways to integrate the two of them efficiently and effectively. They don´t consider workaholism as a virtue; they believe in managing up and pushing back if necessary.

Happiness is a growth priority for them. They define happiness not as daydreaming or as seeing the world through rose-tinted glasses. In fact, they consider happiness and the well-being of people as a fundamental human right, well aligned with, and not hiding behind, economic growth and social responsibility. They know what numerous studies have shown – happy people are healthier, more confident, more productive, more satisfied, and more resilient. 

Quality 5 – Develop!
Tomorrow´s top leaders enjoy developing and coaching others. They invest a lot of energy and time in building and maintaining personal relationships founded on trust. Trust is a core belief and value of these leaders which they work hard to earn and keep, e.g. by walking their talk, by communicating frequently and openly, by taking a stand (even if it´s not a popular one), by empowering others, and by following high ethical standards.

Tomorrow’s top leaders are very active team builders and try to lead engaged employees – employees who take pride in their work, who are committed beyond their usual call of duty, who are emotionally connected with their organization, and who want to succeed. They might integrate elements of leadership approaches such as the Fish! philosophy or train their teams on breakthrough techniques such as creativity.

No doubt, top leaders of the future have something else in common which is of paramount importance to their success – a relentless and passionate focus on talent. They are very intentional and uncompromising about this. They have created high-performing organizations consisting of exceptional talents. Tomorrow´s top leaders are what I coin HPCDA persons. Individuals who possess a happy, positive, can-do-attitude. 

Quality 6 – Improve & Innovate!
Tomorrow´s top leaders are data-driven, process-focused, and permanently in a disruptive mindset.

First and foremost, they are paranoid about the fact that speed matters more than ever in a quickly changing world. Although it´s not a new finding that market leading companies need to be fast and agile, they have found ways to realize the concept of speed. They have implemented very powerful techniques such as Only meet to make decisions, Leave Politics to politicians, Plus one minus two, Learn from successes, Stop presentation cat walks, etc.  

Secondly, they apply new business metrics. Of course, revenue, cost, market shares, profit, etc. remain important. However, they put them into a new context and link them with a modified weighting and time frame. In addition, they will complement them with criteria such as customer engagement, customer excitement, number of disruptive ideas, and the capability to invent new successful business models.

Thirdly, they know that in hyper-competitive times, competition is not just on brand and technological innovation, but also – and foremost – on the business model. Disruption is king for them on purpose, and even if it were to mean being a self-disruptor! They have the ability and willingness to envisage where their customers, industry, and adjacent industries might evolve to in five to ten years.

Quality 7 – Care!
Tomorrow´s top leaders want to support others, to give, to make an impact, and to do good. They care about the well-being of their employees and about broader environmental and social topics. They are aware of the fact that you have to give before you receive. They have integrated values like gratitude and appreciation into their lives and linked them with positive and people-focused thinking and acting to achieve a fulfilled life.

They show a strong interpersonal, day-to-day ability to genuinely and graciously thank other people for what they do. Unfortunately, it´s a behavior that´s too often forgotten in the heat of the battle. Moreover, outstanding future leaders avoid the common tendency of managers to focus on the shortfalls and misses. Instead they posses the beautiful quality to identify moments of achievement and greatness and to put a spotlight on them. That gives confidence and strength to the teams and often generates innovation and unlocks tremendous organization-wide value.

Clare W Graves – the great explorer of human nature and the father of the famous Gravesian theory – calls them Gold Thinkers. They are people and leaders who do not seek social approval, personal advantage or a sense of absolute truth. More than anything else they seek opportunities to contribute. Their faith in life is such that, even when they screw up, they always come away with a valuable lesson. Tomorrow´s top leaders are also great supporters of cause management, i.e. integrating social issues into their core strategy.

Andreas von der Heydt is the Head and Director of Kindle Content at Amazon in Germany. Before that he held various senior management positions at Amazon and L’Oréal. He’s a leadership expert and management coach. He also founded Consumer Goods Club. Andreas worked and lived in Europe, Australia, the U.S. and Asia. Andreas enjoys blogging as a private person here on LinkedIn about various exciting topics. All statements made, opinions expressed, etc. in his articles only reflect his personal opinion.

2015 – Accountant Jokes_5.1


Accountant Jokes

Here’s a sample of our favorite accountant jokes, as well as IRS jokes and jokes about taxes:

Are accountant’s boring? Well, we don’t think so but ….

When does a person decide to become an accountant?
When he realizes that he doesn’t have the charisma to become an undertaker.

Why did the accountant cross the road?
To bore the people on the other side.

What does an accountant use for birth control?
His personality.

How can you tell when an accountant is extroverted?
S/He looks at your shoes while s/he’s talking to you instead of his/her own.

What do you call an accountant seen talking to someone?

What do accountant’s do for fun?
Add up the telephone book.

If an accountant’s wife can’t get to sleep, what does she do?
Leans over to her husband and says “Tell me about work today, honey.”

And finally:
A lady goes to see her doctor with some very worrisome symptoms. After examining her, he says, “I’m terribly sorry to tell you this, but you only havesix months to live.” The lady is very distraught, “Oh doctor, what should I do”, she asks. The doctor says, “I advise you to marry a CPA.””Will that make me live longer?”, she asks, hopefully. “No, ” says the doctor. “But it will seem longer.”

But, in our defense, accountants aren’t really boring people.
We just get excited over boring things.

We know you know that all accountants are honest. But …

The clerk walks into the boss’s office and says, “The auditors have just left, sir.””Have they finished checking the books?”, asks the boss. “Very thoroughly,” is the reply. “Well, what did they say”, says the boss. “They want 15% to keep quiet.”

A businessman was interviewing job applications for the position of manager of a large division. He quickly devised a test for choosing the most suitable candidate. He simply asked each applicant this question, “What is two plus two?”
The first interviewee was a journalist. His answer was, “Twenty-two”.
The second was a social worker. She said, “I don’t know the answer but I’m very glad that we had the opportunity to discuss it.”
The third applicant was an engineer. He pulled out a slide rule and came up with an answer “somewhere between 3.999 and 4.001.”
Next came an attorney. He stated that “in the case of Jenkins vs. the Department of the Treasury, two plus two was proven to be four.”
Finally, the businessman interviewed an accountant. When he asked him what two plus two was, the accountant got up from his chair, went over to the door, closed it, came back and sat down. Leaning across the desk, he said in a low voice, “How much do you want it to be?” He got the job.

Our own pearly gates story:
An accountant dies and goes to heaven (no, that’s not the joke). St. Peter, of course, is there, looking through the files and asking a few quick questions. “What sort of accountant were you?” “Oh, I was a CPA”, was the reply. “Name?” asks St. Pete. The accountant gives his name and St. Peter finds his file. “Oh yes, we’ve been expecting you. You’ve reached your allotted time span.” The accountant says, “I don’t get it. How can that be? I’m only 48 years old.” Pete looks again at the file and says, “Well, that’s impossible.” “Why do you say that?” asks the accountant. “Well,” says St. Peter, “we’ve been looking over your time sheets and the hours you’ve charged your clients. By our reckoning, you must be at least 93 years old!”

But in the “we ain’t as dishonest as them lawyers” category …

An accountant and a lawyer were laying on a beach in Hawaii sipping mai tai’s. The lawyer started telling the accountant how he came to be there. ” I had this downtown property in Memphis that caught fire and after the insurance paid off, I came here.” The accountant said, “I had a downtown property, too, in Miami. It got flooded so here I am with the insurance proceeds.” The lawyer took another sip of his mai tai, and then asked in a puzzled voice, “How do you start a flood?”

What about the IRS and taxes?

What’s the difference between death and taxes?
Congress doesn’t meet every year to make death worse.

And the difference between tax avoidance and tax evasion?

A mugger stops a guy on the street at gunpoint.”Give me all your money”, he says. The muggee is indignant. “You can’t do this,” he yells. “I’m an IRS agent. “In that case,” says the mugger, “give me all MY money.”

It’s Halloween and when the man answers his door, there’s a well-dressed young boy there wearing a suit and matching tie, who says “Trick or treat”. The man’s a bit confused so he asks the boy what he’s dressed up as. “I’m an IRS agent”, says the boy, and with that, he snatches 40% of the candy, and leaves without saying thank you.

An IRS agent is lying on his psychiatrist’s couch bemoaning the fact that everyone in the world hates him. “Nonsense”, says his doctor. “Everyone in the world doesn’t hate you. Everyone in the United States, perhaps, but certainly not everyone in the world.”

And, what about those damn tax forms?

An accountant is walking along the beach (also, not the joke) and he finds an old lamp. He picks it up, rubs it and of course, a genie appears. The genie says “I am the most powerful genie that has ever lived. I can do great and wonderful things and I can grant you your dearest wish. But only one.” Well, this accountant is a deeply caring individual. He pulls out a map of the Mediterranean area and says, “My dearest wish is that you solve the Arab-Israeli conflict in the Middle East. The genie strokes his beard and looks worried. “Oh dear, ” he says , staring at the map. “That’s a tough one. Those people have been fighting for eons. No one has been able to come up with a successful solution. I’m not sure if I could do any better. You should probably make another wish.” The accountant is understanding and says, “All right. Listen, the IRS has asked me to re-design their 1040 form so that everyone can understand it. Can you help me with that?” There’s a long silence and finally the genie says, “Let’s have another look at that map.”

In the “Rodney Dangerfield we just don’t get no respect” file …

A wife to her husband as they watch their young son playing:”He’s such a sensitive child. Let’s wait until he’s older before we tell him you’re an accountant.”

But in the chip off the old block file, we have…

Accountant after reading a nursery rhyme to his child,”No, son. It wouldn’t be tax deductible when Little Bo Peep loses her sheep. But I like your thinking.”

And, lastly, in our “don’t feel so bad if you’re just not getting it” file, a quote from the late Dr. Albert Einstein:

“The hardest thing in the world to understand is income tax.”

2015 – MYO Vitamin Waters_5.2

Make Your Own Summertime Vitamin Waters.
Posted Sunday, April 5, 2015 at 17:08pm PST By reBlogger.


Keywords: #Health, #NaturalRemedies, #Nutrition, #VitaminWater, #Wellness #Lifestyle
During the summer we love homemade “vitamin waters”. No need for sweeteners or chemicals, just good water and whatever you add into it. These waters are hydrating and delicious, and a wonderful way to wean off bottled drinks towards pure water.

These combinations still have major healing benefits even if you do not have the powdered forms of vitamins as the fruit, vegetable and herb ingredients alone have incredible healing power

The number of people who simply don’t like plain water because their palates have been conditioned towards bottled and flavored beverages often surprises me. This is a great alternative to lemonade or smoothies. The possibilities are almost endless here so don’t hesitate to experiment. Drink a lot of this, so feel free to make double the amount specified below. Make sure you use best quality spring or filtered water and organically grown fruits, vegetables & herbs for these recipes.

Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + 1 cucumber and a lemon, thinly sliced + 1/4 cup fresh finely chopped basil leaf + 1/3 of finely chopped fresh mint leaves. Leave in the refrigerator overnight to infuse before serving.

Holy Basil and Rose Water:
1 quart water
½ cup Holy Basil (Tulsi) leaves
½ cup rose petals
Splash of organic rose water OR 1 drop of rose oil

Strawberry/Lime or Raspberry/Lime:
Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + 6 strawberries / 0r Raspberries and one thinly sliced lime + 12 finely chopped fresh mint leaves. Leave in the refrigerator overnight before serving.

Digestive:- Fennel/Citrus:
First: infuse 1 to 3 grams (~1/2 tsp) of dried, crushed fennel seeds in 150 ml of boiling water for 5-10 minutes. Allow to cool.
Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + juice of 1 lemon (put the leftover lemon in the mix) + a small thinly sliced orange + 12 fresh chopped mint leaves + the infusion of fennel seeds. Leave in refrigerator overnight before serving.

Antioxidant:- Blackberry/Sage:
Note that a part from the berries, sage leaf is the herb that has the highest antioxidant content.
Mix in a pitcher : 10 cups of water + 1 cup of blackberries that have been very slightly crushed + 3-4 sage leaves. Leave in refrigerator overnight before serving.

Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + 1 cup of watermelon cut into cubes + 2 fresh rosemary sprigs. Leave in refrigerator overnight before serving.

Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + 1 cup of pineapple cut into cubes + 12 fresh mint leaves finely chopped. Leave in the refrigerator overnight before serving.

Mix in a pitcher: 10 cups of water + 1 cup of apple cut into cubes + 2 cinnamon sticks + 2 teaspoon of ground cinnamon. Leave in the refrigerator overnight before serving.

In advance: heat 1 teaspoon of grated ginger root in 2 cups of tea (green, oolong, black etc.), let cool.
Mix in a pitcher: 8 cups of water with the 2 cups of ginger tea + 4-5 pieces of fresh ginger cut into tiny cubes. Leave in the refrigerator overnight before serving.