Uncategorized

!2019 – Top 40 Project Management Terms and Concepts of 2019

!2019 – Top 40 Project Management Terms and Concepts of 2019

reTwogger: 190308tko.

Compiled below are some of the most commonly referred to project management concepts and key terms that’ll benefit you even if you’re a seasoned pro. Go ahead and give your vocabulary a boost it deserves.

General Project Management Terms

1. Project Plan

A project plan is one of the key formal documents created before starting any project. The document usually consists of approved cost, schedule, and project scope. It guides the execution of a project from initiation to project closure. The project plan also lays the foundation for all kinds of communication among the stakeholders.

2. Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

A work breakdown structure comprehensively divides the project deliverables into manageable sections. This hierarchical organizing of the team’s work helps everyone understand the nature of work better and execute project goals effectively.

3. Critical Path Method (CPM)

CPM is an algorithm particularly used for scheduling the project activities. It is used to determine the step-by-step sequence of activities, which in turn determines the total time of the project. These activities must be completed according to this set sequence to achieve the project goals.

4. Project Manager

The person responsible for handling every aspect of a project from the day it starts until it closes is called a project manager. The responsibilities of a project manager typically entail powerful planning, smart resource utilization, and managing the scope of the project.

5. Project Stakeholder

Any individual that has a direct or indirect interest in a project is known as a project stakeholder. They usually affect, or are affected by, the project decisions being taken over the course of project lifecycle. A stakeholder can be anyone from the project team, executives, sponsors, customers, or the end users.

6. Project Portfolio Management

Project portfolio management (PPM) involves collective management of a series of projects to achieve organizational goals. It allows the teams to visualize the big picture of all projects and maximize the return on investment.

7. Collaboration

The process of actively involving each team member in project activities is called collaboration. The whole concept demands development of an interconnected network through which individuals exchange information and monitor the project performance.

8. Agile Project Management

Agile project management is an iterative and incremental approach to delivering projects. The approach focuses on breaking down the project into small cycles, known as “iterations.” These iterations are then prioritized in terms of urgency or importance. There are multiple frameworks associated with Agile implementation, Scrum being one of the most popular ones.

9. Waterfall Model

Waterfall model is a traditional project management approach to project lifecycle. The model works in a similar pattern as a physical waterfall. The project development takes place systematically, from one phase to another in a downward fashion. Each phase has to be completed before moving on to the next phase and there is no overlapping of the phases, making it difficult to make any amendments.

10. Project Budget

A formally approved document featuring a comprehensive list of financial resources, including project expenses, required to complete a project.

11. Project Timeline

A project timeline outlines the project events in order of their occurrence. It captures exactly what needs to be done over the course of project lifecycle and how it will be done.

Gantt Project Management Terms

Simply put, Gantt charts are used for visualizing the project schedule in the form of a graph. The chart illustrates what needs to be done at a particular time period during the project lifecycle. The key terms associated with Gantt charts are:

12. Milestone

A milestone represents a major event in a project lifecycle. It is used as a reference point to measure the progress of a project. Usually represented as diamonds, milestones greatly help with project scheduling and monitoring.

13. Dependencies

Dependencies specify the relationship between project activities and the order in which they are to be performed. There are 4 kinds of dependencies:

  1. Start-to-start – Predecessor task must start before Successor can start
  2. Finish-to-start – Predecessor must finish before Successor can start
  3. Start-to-finish – Predecessor must start before Successor can finish
  4. Finish-to-finish – Predecessor must finish before Successor can finish

Kanban Project Management Terms

A popular project management methodology, Kanban uses a virtual pinboard approach to delivering projects. Utilizing movable cards for showing the project progress overtime is essentially what makes up a Kanban system. When discussing Kanban, some of the commonly used project management terms are:

14. Work-in-Progress (WIP)

At any point during a project, the number of task items a team is currently working on is called work-in-progress. It indicates the capacity of the team’s workflow in any moment.

15. Work-in-Progress Limit

WIP limit restricts the maximum amount of work that can exist in different stages of a workflow. Limiting work-in-progress allows teams to identify bottlenecks faster and focus on single work items better.

16. Bottleneck

A bottleneck is a work stage where the inflow of workload is greater than the capacity of the system, resulting in hindering the smooth flow of work over time.

17. Scrum

Scrum is a popular framework utilized for successfully implementing Agile. The framework uses the iterative method of delivering projects and is based upon continuous systematic collaboration among team members in between the project cycle.

18. Sprint

A sprint is a fixed unit of time during which specific tasks has to be completed. Typically, the duration of a sprint is determined by the Scrum master (team’s facilitator). During a sprint, daily standups are conducted to monitor the progress towards sprint goals.

Meeting Project Management Terms

Professional team meetings are a core component of any project, but there are many meeting terminologies that a lot of us don’t know about. Some of these commonly used project management terms are:

19. Kickoff Meeting

A kickoff meeting is generally the first meeting that occurs between the project team and their client. This meeting usually occurs after the basic project details have been finalized, but the main project work has not been started yet. It serves the purpose of reviewing the project expectations and to create alignment between everyone involved in the project.

20. Meeting Agenda

A meeting agenda is simply a list of all the topics that are to be discussed during a meeting. It may include detailed topic descriptions, their sequence, and the expected outcomes of each topic.

21. Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes are written notes of whatever is discussed during a meeting. These minutes can be circulated among meeting participants after the meeting to gain valuable insights and take appropriate follow-up actions.

22. Stand-up Meeting

A stand-up meeting, also known as the daily Scrum, is a daily short meeting conducted to get an update from every team member about their work progress. Usually, a stand-up meeting is conducted at the same time and same place every day.

23. Follow Up

A meeting follow-up includes all the activities that are targeted towards collecting feedback from the meeting participants after a meeting. Sometimes a dedicated follow-up meeting is conducted to serve the purpose.

Resourcing Project Management Terms

One of the most important project management concepts revolves around the term “resource.” Out of numerous terminologies associated with resource management, some are:

24. Resource Allocation

Resource allocation involves scheduling and assigning of resources for a project in the most efficient way possible. The purpose of resource allocation is to maximize the use of available resources in a way that supports the project’s end goals.

25. Resource Breakdown Structure

A comprehensive list of resources required to complete a project. This list is usually made according to the function and resource type, facilitating the planning and control of a project work.

26. Resource Leveling

Resource leveling is the process of adjusting the project schedule in a way that keeps a resource use below a set limit. It ensures that a resource doesn’t have to work overtime. Resource leveling has an impact on project’s critical path.

27. Resource Availability

Resource availability specifies whether a particular resource is available at a given time or not.

28. Resource Calendar

A resource calendar indicates all the working and non-working days a specific resource will be available.

Project Risk Management Terms

Any uncertain event or condition that has a probability of occurrence during a project is typically known as a project risk. Risks usually have the potential to impact the overall project objectives. Some common project management terms related to project risk tracking include:

29. Risk Management

In a nutshell, the process of identifying and assessing risks to decrease their negative impact on project operations is called risk management. During the process, it is made sure that overall project goals are not affected in any way.

30. Risk Mitigation

A strategy devised to decrease the probability of adverse effects of risk is known as risk mitigation. A successful risk mitigation strategy focuses on developing actions that reduce possible threats to overall project objectives.

31. Risk Monitoring and Control

Risk monitoring and control involves tracking how the risk responses are performing in comparison to the original risk management plan.

32. Risk Owner

A person responsible for ensuring that a particular risk is managed appropriately is a risk owner. One of the core duties of a risk owner is to make sure that the mitigation strategy is implemented effectively. He can also sometimes be involved with performing qualitative and quantitative risk analysis.

Issue Management and Bug Tracking Terms

33. Issue Management

The comprehensive process of identifying, resolving, and tracking issues associated with your projects comes under issue management. The purpose of issue management is to timely resolve the issues before they become big disasters.

34. Issue Tracking

Issue tracking is the process of identifying a possible bug or error in the product which is affecting its optimal performance. Often, a professional issue tracking software is kept in place for efficient issue tracking.

35. Issue Log

A complete record of all the project issues (ongoing and closed), along with the people responsible for resolving them is included in an issue log. The document may also include each issue’s status and resolution deadlines.

36. Issue Types

Issue type defines the particular category of an issue your project is likely to encounter during its lifecycle. The process makes assigning and tracking of issues easy for their timely resolution.

Usually, there are three types of issues your project encounters over its lifetime:

  1. Bug – Any problem or issue that affects the functionality of your product
  2. Epic – A large chunk of work consisting of multiple issues is called an epic
  3. Story – Also known as ‘user stories’ are short feature requests from the perspective of an end user

QA Project Management Terms

Quality of a project refers to a clearly defined set of deliverables by the stakeholders. What exactly they want from a project is usually defined in terms of project quality. Common QA project management terms include:

37. Quality Planning

Quality planning identifies the expected quality standards that are to be met during the project, and creating systems which ensures these standards are met with effectiveness. In quality planning, it is determined how vigilant a team needs to be when fulfilling the quality standards.

38. Quality Assurance

A set of planned and systematic activities implemented to monitor the project processes in a way that project quality requirements are fulfilled. Quality assurance is done during the project and involves regular quality audits.

39. Quality Control

Quality control involves the use of standardized practices to evaluate whether the resulting product of a project meets quality expectations or not. The process is conducted after the product has been created to identify any changes that might be required in the quality assurance process.

40. Quality Management Plan

A quality management plan is a detailed plan consisting of stakeholders’ quality expectations, quality assurance, and quality control policies to successfully execute a project. This plan is usually a part of project management plan.

This marks the end of our compilation of project management concepts. If you would like to make any corrections or additions to the list, please don’t hesitate to comment below.

//———-reTwogger: 190308tko.———-

!2019 – otimetot ePreneurs

retwogger: 190223tko
Where should you start? Get:

– a Facebook Fan Page,

– Facebook Ads,

– Google Ads;

– Insta-stories;

– eCommerce;

– Digital Publishing;

– Consulting;

– Coaching.

– who has time to keep up!

Here we go guys: **LIVE TRAINING**

– This is a ONE-TIME Only Opportunity.

Join us to learn the 4 STEP System to building an amazing online business while ALSO becoming a Best-Selling author!

#1 – The I.C.S.S. Model – The 4 Steps to Quickly Building an Amazing Business!

#2 – How To Build an Incredibly Engaged Email List – But, Using a Secret Giveaway Many Never Discuss!

#3 – The Quick Model To Becoming a TRUE Expert in ANY Niche You Want…

#4 – How To Become a BEST-SELLING Author While Delivering Your Message To The World!

#5 – The Exact Process To Generating Over $24.5 Million in Sales While Living Your Passion & Changing Lives!

This is a ONE TIME opportunity only – DO NOT Miss this amazing training.
//———-retwogger: 190223tko———-

!2019 – T4 Tax Slip Release dates for Federal Servants

reTwogger: 190215tko

Department access schedule for 2018 tax slips

Friday Feb 22, 2019

  • Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada (ATS)
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AGR)
  • Canadian Dairy Commission (CDC)
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency (ICA)
  • Canadian Grain Commission (CGC)
  • Canadian Heritage (PCH)
  • Canadian High Arctic Research Station (CHR)
  • Canadian International Trade Tribunal (BCO)
  • Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (RTC)
  • Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSI)
  • Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the RCMP (RPP)
  • Correctional Service Canada (PEN)
  • Courts Administration Service (CAJ)
  • Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario (ESO)
  • Global Affairs Canada (EXT)
  • House of Commons (Members) (MPA)
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB)
  • Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IMC)
  • Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (IAN)
  • National Film Board of Canada (NFB)
  • Natural Resources Canada (RSN)
  • Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying of Canada (LOB)
  • Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner (SRT)
  • Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PXR)
  • Privy Council Office (PCO)
  • Public Safety Canada (PSP)
  • RCMP External Review Committee (REC)
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCM)
  • Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIR)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSH)

Monday Feb 25, 2019

  • Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions (FRD)
  • Canada Revenue Agency (NAR)
  • Canadian Human Rights Commission (HRC)
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CRI)
  • Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CSN)
  • Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
  • Canadian Transportation Agency (ATN)
  • Communications Security Establishment (CSE)
  • Department of Finance Canada (FIN)
  • Elections Canada (CEO)
  • Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (CFC)
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission (MHI)
  • House of Commons (HOC)
  • Infrastructure Canada (INF)
  • Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (DUS)
  • Library and Archives Canada (BAL)
  • Library of Parliament (LIB)
  • National Energy Board (ENR)
  • National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians (NSI)
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSE)
  • Northern Pipeline Agency (NPA)
  • Office of the Auditor General of Canada (AUD)
  • Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages (COL)
  • Office of the Information Commissioners of Canada (IPC)
  • Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (SIF)
  • Public Health Agency of Canada (AHS)
  • Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPD)
  • Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC)
  • Supreme Court of Canada (SUC)
  • Telefilm Canada (FDC)
  • Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB)
  • Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBD)
  • Western Economic Diversification Canada (WCO)

Tuesday Feb 26, 2019

  • Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (OCC)
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (EAA)
  • Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat (CIC)
  • Copyright Board of Canada (COP)
  • Employment and Social Development Canada (CSD)
  • Environment and Climate Change Canada (DOE)
  • Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FNA)
  • Health Canada (NHW)
  • Indian Oil and Gas Canada (IOG)
  • International Joint Commission (IJC)
  • Military Grievances External Review Committee (FCG)
  • Military Police Complaints Commission of Canada (CPM)
  • National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces (DND)
  • National Research Council Canada (NRC)
  • Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner (ETH)
  • Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI)
  • Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC)
  • Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada (INT)
  • Office of the Secretary to the Governor General (GGS)
  • Office of the Senate Ethics Officer (ESN)

Wednesday Feb 27, 2019

  • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACO)
  • Canada Border Services Agency (BSF)
  • Canada School of Public Service (CES)
  • Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency (NED)
  • Department of Justice (JUS)
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
  • Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs Canada (FJA)
  • Parks Canada (CAP)
  • Parole Board of Canada (NPB)
  • Public Services and Procurement Canada (SVC)
  • Statistical Survey Operations (SYT)
  • Statistics Canada (STC)
  • Senate (Employees) (SEN)
  • Shared Services Canada (GSS)
  • Status of Women Canada (CSW)
  • The National Battlefields Commission (NBC)
  • Transport Canada (MOT)
  • Veterans Affairs Canada (DVA)
  • Veterans Review and Appeal Board (AVC)

//———-reTwogger: 190215tko———-

!2019 – No perfect family

reTwogger: 190118kto

Please look at the speech that was read yesterday at retirement by the Pope.
Regardless of religion, see how Pope Francis has beautifully written about the family.

FAMILY, PLACE OF FORGIVENESS …

© There is no perfect family.
© We do not have perfect parents,
– we are not perfect,
We do not marry a perfect person or we do not have perfect children.
© We have complaints from each other.
© We are constantly disappointed.
© There is no healthy marriage or healthy family without the exercise of forgiveness.
© Forgiveness is vital to our emotional health and spiritual survival. Without forgiveness, the family becomes an arena of conflict and a fortress of evil.
© Without forgiveness, the family becomes sick.
© Forgiveness is the asepsis of the soul, the purification of the spirit and the liberation of the heart.
He who does not forgive does not have peace in his soul or communion with God.
© Evil is a poison that intoxicates and kills.
© Keeping heartache in your heart is a self-destructive gesture. It’s autophagy.
© Those who do not forgive are physically, emotionally and spiritually ill.
For this reason, the family must be a place of life and not a place of death;
a place of paradise and not a place of hell;
A healing territory and not a disease;
an internship of forgiveness and not guilt.
Forgiveness brings joy where sorrow has brought sadness; of the
Healing where sorrow has caused the disease.
A family is a place of support and not of gossip and slander of one another. Shame those who plant evil about others. We are family and not enemies.
When anyone is going through a challenge all they need is support.

¤ Pope Francisco

Please send to all the families you know. This could help extinguish some family battles!

//———reTwogger: 190118kto———


African family

!2019 – Protecting the Earth_1

Retwogger: 190102tko.

What say you for Humanity in 2019?

I like the entire world to rid itself of corruption that leads to destruction of our beautiful Earth. GMO must be banned on planet Earth and let’s restore our safe food systems. Deforestation of Amazon and other Global Forests must stop. Vaccination has toxins in them so must be checked now. We want love, gratitude and respect for one another.

Old Dirty filthy-hand corrupt Politicians and Bureaucrats should be rejected and ejected off the stage same goes for phony Scientists.
Lets clean up our blue oceans and leave no child behind(Education & Health).

Let’s get rid of diseases like cancer and poliomaelitis as well TB and Arthritis and their causes.

We must stop all wars on Earth as Bombs and Guns don’t solve problems shall we? American-Saudi-UK led Yemen carnage must stop now. Wars in Lybia and Syria must end now. Wars in Mali and Togo and ethnic cleansing in Sudan and South Sudan we must end them now. Political and Economic interferences in other nations must stop.
We must also start ridding ourselves of the use of Fossilized fuels and design new smart sustainable energy sources real quick.

“Save Environment. Save Humanity now.”

Written for Avaaz. Shared for the World.

//———-Retwogger: 190102tko.———-


Our beautiful blue planet Earth with her wonderful daughter-moon.

!2018 – myYearEndQuotes

reTwogger: 181220tko

“Excellence is never an accident; it is the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction, skillful execution and the vision to see obstacles as opportunities.”

#excellence #effort #execution
=========================

=========================

!2018 – Eliminate BellyFat_2

reTwogger: 181106kto.

#EliminateBellyFat

Ingredients :

  1. Ginger root – Helps speed up your metabolism and eliminates unwanted parts of your body.
  2. Lemon – Burns fat, great antioxidant
  3. Garlic – Improves blood circulation and detoxifies body.
  4. Green tea (Guava/Moringa/Avocado) leaf-

Method:

Grate ginger and garlic, add lemon juice and there after cut the lemon pieces. Put all in a pan. Add 1 litre or 4 cups of boiled water, boil for 5 minutes, Add 3 spoons of the KK Garden Uganda green leaf tea for let it boil for another 5 minutes. Sieve and put in a flask. You can add organic natural honey in case the taste is not comfortable.

//———-reTwogger: 181106kto.———-

2018 – Environment: #Unplastic

Jamaica bans plastic etc

Why Global Citizens Should Care

==============================
As the world’s oceans fill up with plastic, countries around the world are taking action to restrict plastic pollution. You can join us in taking action on this issue here.
==============================

ENVIRONMENT:
Jamaica Announces Plan to Ban Styrofoam, Plastic Bags, and Plastic Straws

Jamaica announced it will ban styrofoam, single-use plastic bags, and single-use plastic straws starting Jan. 1, 2019, according to the Jamaica Gleaner.

The island nation is also embarking on a campaign to reduce how much plastic enters marine environments. Plastic pollution has become a major concern in Jamaica, and this new announcement builds on earlier efforts to improve recycling programs.

The government will also be encouraging citizens to reduce their plastic use by, among other things, buying tote bags.

Take Action: Take the Plastic Pledge: #UnplasticthePlanet

“We’re moving towards a ban on single-use plastic, but while we do so, we’re also working on a Plastic Minimisation Project in collaboration with United Nations Environment, and with the support of the Government of Japan, to reduce and manage plastic marine litter from the land-based activities, in an environmentally sound matter,” Daryl Vaz, a member of the Jamaica’s ministry of economic growth and job creation, told the Jamaica Observer.

The country’s National Environment and Planning Agency is still crafting particular aspects of the law, including various exemptions that will be phased in up until 2021, according to the Jamaica Gleaner.

For example, disability-based exemptions for plastic straws will be allowed. As the world has rushed to ban single-use plastic straws, people with disabilities who rely on straws have not always been consulted.

Read More: There’s a Problem With Outright Banning Plastic Straws

Certain food items such as meat will still be allowed to be packaged with styrofoam, and plastic bags will be allowed in certain cases to guarantee public health and food safety standards, according to the Jamaica Gleaner.

The ambitious ban puts Jamaica at the forefront of plastic restrictions around the world, ahead of pioneering countries like Taiwan, but in the years ahead it’s likely that similar bans will become the global norm. In recent years, more than 60 countries have taken action against plastic production in response to growing awareness of a crisis levels of environmental pollution.

More than 380 million tons of plasticare produced each year and the vast majority of this material is thrown away, never to be recycled. A lot of this plastic, up to 13 million tons per year, makes it into the world’s oceans where it causes great harm to marine life.

A UN report found that up to 5 trillion plastic bags are used each year, which, if tied together, would span the planet seven times every hour.

Read More: Why Global Citizen Is Campaigning to Reduce Plastic Waste in the Oceans

Further, a 2014 study estimated that 5.25 trillion pieces of microplastic are in marine environments. By 2050, ocean plastic could outweigh fish. These microplastics are so pervasive that humans actually eat around 70,000 microplastic fibers every year.

When Jamaica’s new law goes into effect by 2019, millions of more tons of plastic will have made it into the world’s oceans. By then, hopefully, plastic production will have peaked.

!2018 – 5 Cancer Causing Foods_1

reTwogger: 180925tko.

!2018 – Top 5 Cancer Causing Foods_1


Understanding possible causes of cancer comes down to understanding the causes of gene and DNA mutations.

Chemicals (like carcinogens), radiation, obesity, hormones, chronic inflammation, smoking, viruses, and a number of other factors have been found to be cancer causing. With the primary causes for cancer being chemicals and radiation, both these factors can be greatly reduced through the food and lifestyle choices that you make. Here are 5 cancer causing foods to avoid to cut your cancer risk in half:

1. GMOs (Genetically Modified Foods):

The rapidly growing industry of genetically modified crops are infiltrating our food supply at an alarming rate. More than 90% of our corn and soy are now genetically modified. This fairly new practice is the source of many debates. Experts agree that adequate testing was not done before GMO foods were added to the ingredient listing of thousands of products.
In other words, no one – including the growers and manufacturers of GMO foods – knows the long-term effect they will have on human health. Look for GMO-free labels whenever possible or buy organic (which always means a product is not genetically modified).

2. Microwave Popcorn


From the chemically-lined bag to the actual contents, microwave popcorn is at the center of lung cancer debates around the world.
Not only are the kernels and oil likely GMO (which the manufacturer does not have to disclose) unless organic, the fumes released from artificial butter flavoring contain diacetyl, which is toxic to humans. Make your own organic popcorn the old-fashioned way – it tastes better, doesn’t release toxic fumes, and is a healthier choice for you.

3. Refined Sugar

The biggest cancer causing food (by far) is high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and other refined sugars. Even brown sugar is highly refined white sugar with some of the removed molasses added back in for flavor and color. Refined sugars (and foods made with them) are the source of major insulin spikes and feed the growth of cancer cells.
Since the majority of the sugar supply in the U.S. is made using genetically modified (GMO) sugar beets, a healthier option is organic honey, coconut sugar, or maple sugar. Now that oncologists are using diabetes medication to fight cancer cells, there’s no doubt (finally) that those mutated cancer cells love sugar.

4. Salted, Pickled, And Smoked Foods


These products typically contain preservatives, such as nitrates, which are intended to prolong shelf life. The additives used in processed foods can accumulate in your body over time.
Eventually, such toxins cause damage at the cellular level and lead to diseases like cancer. When smoked foods are cooked at high temperatures, the nitrates are converted to the much more dangerous nitrites. (Note: By pickled foods we don’t mean the fermented foods you make at home.)

5. White Flour


When flour is refined, all nutritional value is removed. Then it’s bleached with chlorine gas to make it more appealing to consumers. The glycemic index for white flour is very high – meaning it spikes your insulin levels without providing nutritional fuel.

Carbohydrates are converted to sugars by your body, so excessive products that contain white flour can lead to increased insulin resistance. Simple sugars (like refined carbohydrates) are the preferred fuel source for cancer.

//———-reTwogger: 180925tko———-

fast comeback dot com

!2018 – PMP Ch 9 – Communications Management Questions (Rita Ch 10)

reBlogger: 180904tko

30 Qtns:

Q29. If a project manager wants to report on the actual project results vs. planned results, she should use a:


A. Trend report
B. Forecasting report
C. Status report
D. Variance report

Answer D

This situation describes the need to “compare,” A trend report (choice A) shows performance over time. A forecasting report (choice B) looks only to the future. A status report (choice C) is generally static (relating to a moment in time). The only choice that compares project results is a variance analysis (choice D).

30. A particular stakeholder has a reputation for making many changes on projects. What is the BEST approach a project manager can take at the beginning of the project to manage this situation?

A. Say “No” to the stakeholder a few times to dissuade him from submitting more changes
B. Get the stakeholder involved in the project as early as possible
C. Talk to the stakeholder’s boss to find ways to direct the stakeholder’s activities to another project
D. Ask that the stakeholder not be included in the stakeholder listing

Answer B

We cannot avoid the stakeholder (choices C and D), because he has a stake in the project. A project manager can say “No”‘ (choice A), but this does not solve the root cause. There may be some good ideas within those changes. The only choice that deals with the problem is choice B. Changes are not bad! Changes normally come from lack of input at the beginning of the project.
If we begin effective communication with this stakeholder early (choice B), we stand a much better chance of discovering his changes during the planning process, when they will have less of an impact on the project.