!2018 – PMI PMBOK6 Project Management

reTwogger: 180816tko
Project Management. MBA

In a project, Activity A has a duration of four days and begins on the morning of Monday the fourth. The successor Activity, B, has a Finishto Start (FS) relationship with A. The Finish-to-Start relationship has two days of lag, and Activity B has a duration of three days. If Saturday and Sunday are non-working days, which of the following statements is true?

A. Total elapsed days (completing both activities) is seven days

B. Activity B will be completed by the end of the day on Thursday, the 14th

C. Activity B will be completed by the end of the day on Friday, the 15th.

D. Activity B will be completed by the end of the day on Tuesday, the 1


Vocal inflection accounts for how much understanding of verbal communication?

a. 55 percent

b. 38 percent

c. 100 percent

d. 7 percentQ


Which of the following statements related to the work breakdown structure (WBS) is false? 

A. Helps in the identification of work package dependencies.  

B. Provides a graphical image of the project hierarchy. 

C. Identifies all the work to be done.

D. Can assist in estimating durations and costs of work packages.

Ans: A. (WBS does not show dependencies, only network diagrams depict dependencies).


The control resources process is focused on:

A.  Supply chain management

B.  Resource availability

C.  Vendor management

D.  Bottleneck management

B. But I am still concerned with the term “availability”, but this is the closest bet.

Comment: Correct, that is the main focus of the new process according to PMBoK 6th edition.


The requirements related to occupational safety and health, product performance, environmental standards, insurance, intellectual property, licenses and goverment permits must be part of which of the following: 

A. Schedule baseline

B. Cost baseline 

C. Scope baseline 

D. Quality baseline



The project sponsor informs you that you can´t use the human resources of the organization in the project more than 70% because they have other organizational commitments. This is an example of: 

A.   A limitation 

B.   A risk 

C.   An assumption

D.   Uncertainty

A1 I would say this is a Resource Constraint. So may fit in being A Limitation.  It would be a risk if the resources are needed 100%. Again, should depend upon the project phase. Constraint in Inititiation, Risk in planning and Execution.

A2 It would  be more easy to finalize between the options A and B, if the status of the project is mentioned. I thought, the project is planned with 100% resource availability and when the resources are restricted to 70%, there will be a risk of delays in the project due to resource deficiency.


Theory of constraints (TOC) is usually related to:

A.  Resource availability

B.  Bottleneck management

C.  Buffer management

D.  Uncertainty management

A or B

Deals with removing/dealing with the biggest constraint first and then move to the next. I would say B.


Question : One of the goals of your current project is to automate a current process that is currently done manually. What is the best quality tool to use in this situation?

A. Flowchart

B. Affinity Diagrams

C. Cost-benefit analysis

D. Cost of quality

Answer is C : Option A is nearly correct, Flow charts are more appropriate to determine cost of quality. The main object at the planning stage is to determine, whether updating the process system to automation is beneficial in terms of cost saving during it`s life cycle, compared to the cost of quality. Cost benefit analysis is the correct tool to justify the project.


After completing the quantitative risk analysis you determine that the project has a 15% probability of finishing later than planned and 10% probability of experimenting a budget deficit.   What is the probability that the project will end in time and within the approved budget limit? 

A. 75.5% 

B. 74.5% 

C. 76.5% 

D. 77.5%



Which of the following is an input to the WBS dictionary?

A.  Activity list

B.  Activity resource requirements

C.  Requirements traceability matrix

D.  Project network diagram

Correct answer is A.  The activity list is an input.  PMBoK 6th Ed. page 162.


If an investment in a project returns 15 percent annually, how much should you invest to get $5 million by the end of the fifth year?
A. 2485884

B. 2857143

C. 2501376

D. 2685292Q

Answer is A.

Formula is PV = FV / (1 + i )^n , = 5,000,000 / (1+0.15)^5 = 5,000,000 / 2.011357 = 2485884

Where PV = Present Value, FV = Future Value, i = interest rate, n = number of years


Murder boards are used in Project Management, Program Management, business start-ups, event management and change management endeavours.  In project management they are usually used to evaluate all of the following with the exception of:

A.  Business Case  

B.  Scope Statement

C.  Financial or economic feasibility

D. Technical or technological feasibility

B.Scope Statement


Answer is B. Let us stick to Data date only as question is based on data date. (yes, if we assume the extension of EV curve, it may look higher than PV).-

Extra Comments:

I do hate to be a stickler, but the context is very important. Ashok, nothing in the question suggests it’s based on the data date. It says the sponsor wants to know what’s going on based on that graph. The whole point of EV is to provide objective performance indicators – not to have people guess what the data means.


Which of the following is an example of a rough order of magnitude (ROM) cost estimate?

A. $ 112,500 to $ 262,500

B. $ 135,000 to $ 187,500

C. $ 142,500 to $ 165,000

D. $ 112,500 to $ 187,500
Ans is A. rough order of magnitude = -25% to +75%. range of estimated cost..150,000(-25% to 75%)= 150k-25% of 150k =112500, 150k + 75%of 150k = 262500.

How did you find estimated cost =150k ?

 Z + 75%*Z / Z – 25%*Z = 2.333,

So the ratio is 2.333.

Only option A gives the ration of 2.333, ie. 262,500 / 112,500 = 2.333

Always remember 2.333

 Excerpt from PMBOK 6


On a control chart, if six consecutive plot points are above the mean, then what can be established about the process?

A. The process is out of control

B. The process will be out of control after plotting the seventh point.

C. The process is in control

D. Nothing can be established

I select A. …l…Rule of seven is heuristic and does not specify accurate definition. It is not about seven points or six points or eight points, it is about series of readings occurring on one side of the mean. In such cases, the process needs to be investigated. Some processes are very sensitive and very small deviation results in big changes, if we consider such sensitive processes, we can say the process is out of control. REALLY I DON`T KNOW, HOW THE EXAMINER THINKS.

The project sponsor wants to improve the quality, performance and customer satisfaction on the new product that the project will develop.  The product must have a very competitive price.  Which of the following tools should you use? (choose the best answer)

A.   Cost-benefit analysis.

B.   Value engineering

C.   Design for X

D.   Kaizen

B. Very competitive price can be got by value engineering.

Correct, but how about the other requierements.  Value Engineering will not help you develop them….key to the question is development!

While doing value engineering we follow the best development techniques to get optimum cost. Design of X is a subset of value engineering. Or if you see both are complementary to each other


Organizational information regarding resource availability is part of:

A.  External Organizational Process Assets 

B.  Internal Enterprise Environment Factors

C.  External Enterprise Environment Factors

D.  Internal Organizational Process Assets

Extra Comment: On PMBoK 6th edition section 2.2.1 page 38;  internal enterprise environmental factors, the 5th down is resource availability.

You should analyze and include the impact of maintenance and operations related costos on all of the following documents, with the exception of: (choose the best answer):

A.  Business case

B.  Project Management Plan

C.  Vendor Selection 

D.  Benefit Realization Management Plan

Correct answer is B.  The project management plan only includes cost related to the project.  It can not include maintenance and operational costs because they are not part of the project budget.


 You are in the middle of executing a project. At the meeting with the team, one of the team members informs you that a key component is defective. You ask the team member what he needs to repair the defect.  The team member requests help from two team members who, after implementing several alternatives, manage to repair the defective component satisfactorily. This is an example of:

A. Mitigating the risk probability

B. Transfering the risk

C. Avoiding the risk 

D. Implementing a work around



CPM Practice Qtns

1. D

2. A

3. B

Hint: method is not traditional starting in cero, iit´s the one starting in 1 called day 1 CPM method which is used by the mayority of criticial path professional software (example PERT Chart Expert by critital tools)

Conventional Method:

Ashok Nadagoud, sorry to disagree but look at graph 6-16 on page 211, they are using the Day 1 method on that example.

CPM Using Day one:

  The project sponsor has requested a root cause analysis to determine why the project´s CPI = 0.80. After carrying out a cause-effect analysis you determine the following potential causes. Which of these potential causes would be the least likely main root cause of the problem?

A.  Inflationary pressures have increased the cost of raw materials that are being used in the project.

B.  Implemented work arounds have a much lower level of effectiveness than expected.

C.  Resources with much more experience than planned are being used in the project.

D.  Several milestones have negative duration variances of because they have been much more complex than expected.

Question : In an important meeting, you are addressing all team members of the project regarding fast-tracking the project. Many team members could`t understand the subject, due to your low voice. As per Albert Mehrabian`s theory, vocal inflection accounts for how much understanding of verbal communication ?

A.  7%

B.  38%

C.  55%

D.  100%

B. 38%

Which of the following statements related to the work breakdown structure (WBS) is false? 

A. Helps in the identification of work package dependencies.  

B. Provides a graphical image of the project hierarchy. 

C. Identifies all the work to be done.

D. Can assist in estimating durations and costs of work packages.

 A. (WBS does not show dependencies, only network diagrams depict dependencies)

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The company just hired Ms. Jane Doe to support the impact that the project will have on the organization’s human resoueces. The responsibilities of this person are to ensure that employees are sent to appropriate training for their new jobs, psychological support in case the person loses their job, change management and transition at the individual and group level. What type of stakeholder is Mrs. Jane Doe? (Choose the best answer)

A.  Leader

B.  Supportive

C.  Unaware

D.  Neutral

Hint: new employee……

C. Being a new employee, she won’t be aware about the project and potential impacts

Which of the following can provide information related to the level of stakeholder risk tolerance that can be used to establish the risk thresholds for the project?

A.  Risk Management Plan

B.  Stakeholder Register  

C.  Risk Response Plan

D.  Probability and impact matrix

Hint: stakeholder related.

B. Stakeholder Register.


ABC,inc. just hired you as project manager for a new project code name Nautilus.  ABC is a weak matrix organization.  How do you get cooperation from the project team and stakeholders. 
A.  By using the project manager expert power.

B.  By using the project manager reward power.

C.  By using the project manager formal power.

D.  By using the project manager referent power.

A. The project manager doesnot have powers of formal and reward. Best option is expert.


You are the project manager of a project that is responsible for building an alcohol distillery. The project is in its eighth month of execution. One of the providers informs you that the agitators will be delayed for a week. Together with the project team, they start looking for alternatives to mitigate this unexpected risk. It is established that the reactors can be installed first without impacting the costs, quality or schedule of the project. The project team proceeds to restructure the project schedule to carry out this alternative. This is an example of:

A.  Internal dependency

B.  Hard logic

C.  External dependency

D.  Soft logic



The control resources process is focused on:

A.  Supply chain management

B.  Resource availability

C.  Vendor management

D.  Bottleneck management

B. But I am still concerned with the term “availability”, but thus is the closest bet.

Comments: Correct, that is the main focus of the new process according to PMBoK 6th edition.


All of the following are outputs of plan risk response process, with the exception of:A:  Residual risks

B:  Risk owner

C:  Secondary risks

D:  Contingency reserves


Comments: Sure, correct answer is B residual risk because a residual risk will come into light once the risk response plan is implemented (execution).  If you have a residual risk it means that your risk response plan is not effective.  PMI enfasis is that you appoint a person in charge of implementing the risk response plan, therefore is an output.  Secondary risks should be identified and you may choose to implement a risk response plan for those risks.  Contingency reserves can be determined in the quantitative risk analysis, but they have to be verified (cost-benefit analysis) in the risk response (the risk response plan can´t be more expensive than the risk impact (probability times impact) to the project.


After completing the quantitative risk analysis you determine that the project has a 15% probability of finishing later than planned and 10% probability of experimenting a budget deficit.   What is the probability that the project will end in time and within the approved budget limit? 

A. 75.5% 

B. 74.5% 

C. 76.5% 

D. 77.5%

Expected monetary value concept, probability multiplied by impact. Applied to this specific situation: 0.85 X 0.90 = 0.765 or 76.5%. Why 0.85 or 0.90, because the question is asking the probability that the project will end in time and within the approved budget limit, so (1 – 0.15 = 0.85) and (1 – 0.90 = 0.10). Hope that helps.(1.0-0.1=0.9)


You are a PMP certified project manager who is managing a project that has high visibility in the organization. The profit margin (ROI) of the project is low and therefore it is extremely important that the cost estimates are as accurate as possible. While reviewing the estimated cost of several activities, you realize that the estimates of several activities are 10% greater than the historical information of several previous projects for very similar work. What is the first thing you should do in this situation?

A. Require that the resources that provided the cost estimates of these activities explain the bases they used to carry out the estimates.

B. Change the estimates because they contain dishonest cost buffers and this constitutes a violation of PMI code of ethics.

C. Accept the cost estimates to increase the level of commitment and develop the spirit of the project team.

D. The 10% increase is related to the expected inflation and therefore constitutes a parametric estimate made by the members of the project team.

Train the project team on conflict resolution strategies is an example of:

A. Mitigate the risk impact

B. Enhance the impact of the opportunity 

C. Mitigate the risk probability

D. Enhance the probability of the opportunity

A. According to Rita Mulcahy´s book (9th edition) it´s an example of mitigating the risk impact.  I think the reason is that conflicts are inevitable (Rita and PMI emphasize that reality), therefore you can only reduce de impact.  You say it very well conflicts can be settled more efficiently, but only after the conflic arrises.

During the process of managing the project team, a 360-degree feedback system is being used for team member´s performance evaluation. This tool will serve for the following, except for:

A.  Clarifying roles and responsibilities of team members

B.  Discovering unknown conflicts between team members

C.  Developing individual training plans

D.  Creating a recognition and rewards system

Hint: which one is not done in executing……

Hint: Carefull the question is what´s not….

D. Correct.  Why?  that´s what you folks need to understand for the test.  Recognition and rewards is a planning activity, more important it has nothing to do with resource performance evaluation which is done in execution.  Remember that recognition and rewards are usually part of project post mortem where critical success indicators are verified and if they are complied the reward or recognition is confered.

The organization for which you work as a project manager has a balanced matrix-type organizational structure, so the project budget will be manage by. (Choose the best Answer) A.  The project sponsor

B.  Both functional manager and project manager 

C.  The functional manager 

D.  The project management office director

B.  Both functional manager and project manager 

What is the main difference between business risk and pure risk?

A. Pure risk both gain or loss applies

B. Business risk only loss applies

C. Pure risk only loss applies

D. Business risk only gain appliesQ

C. (Insurable Risk).


Which of the following activities is the last one that takes place as part of the administrative closing? 
A.  Closing the contract 

B.  Formally releasing the project resources 

C.  Lessons learned report

D.  Archiving historical project information



You are in the process of Source Selection for a contract for your project. You are planning to use weighing process for source selection. There are four vendors being considered. There are two deciding factors price (weightage 40), quality (weightage 60). The scores of four vendors that your team has computed are displayed in the table below. Which vendor among these four should be chosen ?

A.  Vendor 1 : Price 8 points, Quality 12 points

B.  Vendor 2 : Price 10 points, Quality 10 points

C.  Vendor 3 : Price 12 points, Quality 8 points

D.  Vendor 4 : Price 11 points, Quality 11 points

D. Explanation :0.4*11+0.6*11



You are the Project Manager for a large construction project and when you discover that the SPI is 0.8, you realize that you’re not going to hit your end date. The project may be delayed by at least three months which may impact the start date of another project, that was due to start right after this project is completed. What type of float best describes this situation ?

A.  Total Float

B.  Project Float

C.  Free Float

D.  Slack Float

Ans. C. Free Float as Early Start activity of Successor is involved


Qtn. During the make – buy analysis you find that there are sunk costs.  Should you include them as part of your analysis?

A.   Yes, they are direct costs and should be included in the cost baseline.

B.   No, they should not be included in the make – buy analysis.

C.  Yes, they are fixed costs and should be included in the cost baseline.

D.   No, sunk costs are related to overhead which should not be included as part of the cost baseline


B. Sunk costs are not included  as per accounting standards

B. Sunk cost is cost already spent


Qtn. In your project, you are measuring the number of defective parts delivered, transaction duration and the weight of the product that is being developed by the project. These are examples of which of the following tools? (choose the best answer)

A. Technical performance measurement

B. Inspection

C. Project burn down chart

D. Quality audit

Ans. A. This question is not mentioned anywhere.. It shows that we must have the understanding of PMBOK thoroughly

Note: A- PMBOK p-26


Back by popular demand…here we go!
The project team members informe you that the constant pressure of top management is causing a lot of tension and conflicts between members of the team. Which of the following would help to reduce tension and improve the cooperation between the members? (Choose the best answer). 

A. Active Listening 

B. Influence 

C. Negotiation 

D. Emotional Intelligence

QUESTION :The project sponsor asks you to submit a report on the project which is half way through and the sponsor is specifically keen to know whether the project performance is improving or deteriorating from last few months. Which would be the appropriate type of report to submit ?

A.  Progress Report

B.  Status Report

C.  Earned Value Report

D. Trend Report

Answer is D.: 

Progress report as name indicates, is a report showing the works completed, could be in  terms of %works completed or in the format of a bar chart. 

Status report is almost similar to progress report, but the status is compared against the baselines. 

EV report shows the amount earned against planned amount or actual amount spent. 

Trend report shows, over a period of time, the project performance is improving or deteriorating.



Every project manager has legitimate power because of his or her hierarchical position in the organization. The three forms of legitimate power that a project manager has are: (choose the best answer).A. Expert, rewards and referent

B. Executive, autocratic and consultative

C. Formal, coercive and reward

D. Collaborate, direct and adapt



WARNING: very tricky question.

Which of the following statements is true? (Choose the best Answer). 

A. BAC is represented by the sum of the EV plus the contingency reserves 

B.  BAC is represented by the sum of the PV plus the contingency reserves. 

C.  Bac is represented by the sum of the AC plus the contingency reserves. 

D. BAC is represented by the sum of the control accounts.



For a contractor in which of the following situations is it better to sub-contract part of the work to which it was committed through a contract with an external client? (choose the best answer).

A. The work requires specialized knowledge in environmental regulation matters.

B. The work that is going to be subcontracted represents the majority of the total work that must be carried out.

C. The work must be completed on a mandatory date that has penalty clauses for late delivery.

D. The work to be carried out by the contractor is based on a firm fixed price contract


The project team has chosen an adaptive product development cycle.  Which of the following leadership styles you will have to adopt to increase the project´s success probabilities? (choose the best answer)

A. Transformational

B. Laissez faire

C. Servant leader

D. Charismatic

B. Laissez faire.  

Abhishek Garg You need to align the characteristics of the leadership style with the key characteristics of the methodology which in this case is agile.  As said above, Agile methodologies usually have the following characteristics: allow the team to make their own decisions and establish their own goals; which is the same characteristic as a laissez faire leadership style.


You are the Project Manager for a large construction project and when you discover that the SPI is 0.8, you realize that you’re not going to hit your end date. The project may be delayed by at least three months which may impact the start date of another project, that was due to start right after this project is completed. What type of float best describes this situation ?

A.  Total Float

B.  Project Float

C.  Free Float

D.  Slack Float

B.  Project Float
Answer is B. ………. Project float is the delay a project can incur without delaying a succeeding project. Total float addresses delaying the activity without delaying the project end date. Free float addresses delaying an activity without delaying the early start of a successor activity. Slack float is a dummy word.

More comments: 

George, the question states that, the project may be delayed by 3 months, which may impact start date of succeeding project. This is called project float. When the risk of Project Float arises, the Project Manager should fast-track or crash the project or combination of both, in order to curb the delays which may affect the succeeding project.



Which one of the following is one of the requirements to develop a Project Charter ?

A.  Assumption Log

B.  Conceptual Design

C.  Project Management Plan

D.  Stakeholder Register

Answer is B.

Option B is correct as, Concept design of the project is a high level (Basic) project design..
Option A is incorrect because Assumption `Log’ is an out put of the process Develop Project Charter. Note that `High level Assumptions’ are the inputs, NOT Assumption Log. 

Option C is incorrect because, project management plan is developed later in the planning stage. 

Option D. Stakeholder register is an out put of Identify Stakeholder process, project charter contains only names of key stakeholders. 

More comments:

The answer should be B – Conceptual Design.  Going by elimination method – D  – Stakeholder Register is not possible as only after we create the project charter, we develop the Stakeholder Register,  C – Project Management Plan – is not possible which is developed at a later stage.  A – Assumption Log is not possible as it is the output in the process of developing Project Charter.  The only possibility is Conceptual Design.  What is Conceptual Design – Conceptual Design is an early phase of the design process, in which the broad outlines of function and form of something are articulated.  Conceptual design which is the basis and high level details of the project can be considered as the basic document to derive at the basic details to develop Project Charter



To prepare for PMP exam, you need to study PMBOK 6 and RITA MULCAHY REV 9 books. In addition, you may go through the questions in KIM HELDMAN and JOSEPH PHILIPS book. Later you need to take online mock tests.


//———-reTwogger: 180816tko———-

More Clues: Also, the PMP Pocket Prep app is awesome for studying. I used Pocket Prep to study for my CAPM and it was my best friend! It’s the one thing (besides the PMBOK) that helped me pass my exam (above target range). #pocketprep Pocket Prep




Communication Management Questions – Section 1

Q&A: 1.      A project manager has a problem with a team members performance. What is BEST form of communication for addressing this problem?

A.    Formal written communication

B.     Formal verbal communication

C.     Informal written communication

D.    Informal verbal communication

2.      Extensive use of ______ communication is most likely to aid in solving complex problems.

A.    Verbal

B.     Written

C.     Formal

D.    Nonverbal

3.      The work breakdown structure can be an effective aid for communication in which setting(s)?

A.    Internal within the project team

B.     Internal within the organization

C.     External with the customer

D.    Internal and external to the project

4.      The MOST likely result of communication blockers is that:

A.    The project is delayed.

B.     The trust level is enhanced.

C.     Conflict occurs.

D.    Senior management is displeased.

5.      Communications are often enhanced when the sender ______ the receiver.

A.    Speaks up to

B.     Uses gestures when speaking to

C.     Speaks slowly to

D.    Shows concern for the perspective of

6.      Formal written correspondence with the customer is required when:

A.    Defects are detected.

B.     The customer requests additional work not covered under contract.

C.     The project has a schedule slippage that includes changes to the critical path.

D.    The project has cost overruns.

7.      When a project manager is engaged in negotiations, nonverbal communication skills are of:

A.    Little importance.

B.     Major importance.

C.     Importance only when cost and schedule objectives are involved.

D.    Importance only to ensure he wins the negotiation.

8.      A large, one-year telecommunications project is about halfway done when you take the place of the previous project manager. The project involves three different sellers and a project team of 30 people. You would like to see the project’s communications requirements and what technology is being used to aid in project communications. Where will you find this information?

A.    The project management plan

B.     The information distribution plan

C.     The bar chart

D.    The communications management plan

9.      Changes to some project deliverables have been documented in the project management plan. These changes, and other project information, have been distributed according to the communications management plan. One stakeholder expressed surprise to the project manager upon hearing of a documented change to a project deliverable. All stakeholders received the communication containing notification of the change. What should the project manager do?

A.    Determine why the stakeholder did not receive the information and let him know when it was published.

B.     Ask the functional manager why the stakeholder did not understand his responsibility.

C.     Review the communications management plan and make revisions if necessary.

D.    Address the situation in the next steering committee meeting so others do not miss published changes.

10.  The project status report is an example of which form of communication?

A.    Formal written communication

B.     Formal verbal communication

C.     Informal written communication

D.    Informal verbal communication


11.  Communication is key to the success of a project. As the project manager, you had three stakeholders with whom you needed to communicate. Therefore, you had six channels of communication. A new stakeholder has been added with whom you also need to communicate. How many communication channels do you have now?

A.    7

B.     10

C.     12

D.    16

12.  Two people are arguing about what needs to be done to complete a work package. If the project manager wants to know what is going on, she should pay MOST attention to:

A.    What is being said and when.

B.     What is being said, who is saying it, and the time of day.

C.     Physical mann
erisms and what is being said.

D.    The pitch and tone of the voices, and physical mannerisms.

13.  A project manager has a project team consisting of people in four countries. The project is very important to the company, and the project manager is concerned about its success. The length of the project schedule is acceptable. What type of communication should he use?

A.    Informal verbal communication

B.     Formal written communication

C.     Formal verbal communication

D.    Informal written communication

14.  The project status meeting is not going well. Many attendees are talking at the same time, there are people who are not participating, and many topics are being discussed at random. Which of the following rules for effective meetings is NOT being adhered to?

A.    Demonstrate courtesy and consideration of each other, and control who is allowed to speak.

B.     Schedule meetings in advance.

C.     Have a purpose for the meeting, with the right people in attendance.

D.    Create and publish an agenda and a set of rules for controlling the meeting.

15.  You have just been assigned as project manager for a large manufacturing project. This one-year project is about halfway done. It involves 5 different sellers and 20 members of your company on the project team. You want to quickly review where the project now stands. Which of the following reports would be the MOST helpful in finding such information?

A.    Work status

B.     Progress

C.     Forecast

D.    Communications

16.  A team member is visiting the manufacturing plant of one of the suppliers. Which of the following is the MOST important thing to be done in any telephone calls the project manager might make to the team member?

A.    Ask the team member to repeat back what the project manager says.

B.     Review the list of contact information for all stakeholders.

C.     Ask the team member to look for change requests.

D.    Review the upcoming meeting schedule.

17.  A project manager overhears a conversation between two stakeholders who are discussing how unhappy they are with the impacts of the project on their own departments. Stakeholder A asks if the project is on time, and stakeholder B replies that the SPI is 1.05. Stakeholder A asks if the project manager for the project knows of stakeholder B’s concern. Stakeholder B responds that he is not sure. What is the BEST thing for the project manager to do?

A.    Make sure the stakeholders see that the project manager overheard. Then ask them to direct any questions in writing to the project manager.

B.     Make a presentation to all the stakeholders regarding the status of the project.

C.     Send both stakeholders a copy of the issue log and ask for additional comments.

D.    Arrange a meeting with both stakeholders to allow them to voice any concerns they may have.

18.  A proj
ect manager wants to more extensively involve the stakeholders on the project. Which of the following would be the BEST way to accomplish this?

A.    Have the stakeholders periodically review the list of project requirements.

B.     Invite the stakeholders to attend project status meetings.

C.     Send status report to the stakeholders.

D.    Update the stakeholders on the status of all project changes.

19.  During the middle of the project, things have been going well. The work authorization system has allowed people to know when to start work, and the issue log has helped keep track of stakeholders’ needs. The sponsor has expressed his appreciation for the team members’ efforts by hosting a milestone party. The project manager gets a call from a team member saying the results from the completion of her activity’s predecessor are two days late. Which of the following reasons would BEST describe why this occurred?

A. The project manager was focusing on the sponsor’s needs.

B. Functional management was not included in the communications management plan.

C. The successor activities should have been watched, not the predecessors.

D.  The right people were not invited to the milestone party.

20. A project manager has just been assigned a team that comes from many countries including Brazil, Japan, the US, and Britain. What is her BEST tool for success?

A.The responsibility assignment matrix (RAM)

B. The teleconference

C. Team communication with the WBS

D.   Communication and well-developed people skills

21.  The project has 13 team members and affects more than 15 departments in the organization. Because the project is 20 percent complete to date and the team has had successful performance reports from five of the affected departments, the project manager holds a party to celebrate. The project manager invites key stakeholders from all of the departments to the party, in order to give those providing good reviews an informal opportunity to communicate good things to those departments that have not yet been affected by the project. At the party, the project manager walks around to try to discover any relevant information that would help him make the project even more successful. He happens to hear a manager of one of the departments talking about setting up more regular meetings on the project. The BEST thing for the project manager to do would be to FIRST:

A.    Record the effectiveness of the party in the project lessons learned.

B.     Review the information distribution methods on the project.

C.     Hold a meeting of all the stakeholders to discuss their concerns.

D.    Make sure the manager has a copy of the communications management plan so he is reminded that such concerns should be sent to the project manager.

22.  The purpose of status meetings is to:

A.    Exchange information about the project.

B.     Have team members report on what they are doing.

C.     Issue work authorizations.

D.    Confirm the accuracy of the costs submitted by the team.

23.  The requirements of many stakeholders were not approved for inclusion in your project. Therefore, you had a difficult time receiving formal approval of the project management plan. The stakeholders argued and held up the project while they held meeting after m
eeting about their requirements. The project was finally approved and work began six months ago. All of the following would be good preventive actions to implement EXCEPT:

A.    Keep a file of what requirements were not included in the project.

B.     Make sure the change control process is not used as a vehicle to add the requirements back into the project.

C.     Maintain an issue log.

D.    Hold meetings with the stakeholders to go over the work that will not be added to the project.

24.  The project manager is expecting a deliverable to be submitted by e-mail from a team member today. At the end of the day, the project manager contacts the team member to notify him that it has not been received. The team member apologizes and explains that he was not able to e-mail the deliverable, and it was sent through the mail instead. The team member goes on to remind the project manager that he had informed the project manager, during a phone conversation, that this would occur. “Was that the conversation we had when I told you I could not hear you well due to poor cell phone coverage?” asks the project manager. “Yes,” replies the team member. What could have been done to avoid this problem?

A.    Paralingual communication

B.     Adding to the issue log after the phone call

C.     Better attention to determining communications requirements

D.    Feedback during the communication

25.  When do stakeholders have the MOST influence on a project?

A.    At the beginning of the project

B.     In the middle of the project

C.     At the end of the project

D.    Throughout the project

26.  The project has been going well, except for the number of changes being made. The project is being installed into seven different departments within the company and will greatly improve departmental performance when operational. The team has selected the appropriate processes for use on the project. The project manager is a technical expert as well as having been trained in communications and managing people. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause of the project problems?

A.    The project manager was not trained in understanding the company environment.

B.     The project should have more management oversight since it will result in such great benefits to the company.

C.     The project should have used more of the project management processes.

D.    Some stakeholders were not identified.

27.  Stakeholders can be identified in which project management process groups?

A.    Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing

B.     Initiating and planning

C.     Planning and monitoring and controlling

D.    Monitoring and controlling and closing

28.  If a project manager wants to report on the actual project results vs. planned results, she should use a:

A.    Trend report.

B.     Forecasting report.

C.     Status report.

D.    Variance report.

29.  A particular stakeholder has a reputation for making many changes on projects. What is the BEST approach a project manager can take at the beginning of the project to manage this situation?

A.    Say “No” to the stakeholder a few times to dissuade him from submitting more changes.

B.     Get the stakeholder involved in the project as early as possible.

C.     Talk to the stakeholder s boss to find ways of directing the stakeholder’s activities to another project.

D.    Ask that the stakeholder not be included in the stakeholder listing.

30.  Communications under a contract should tend toward:

A.    Formal written communication.

B.     Formal verbal communication.

C.     Informal written communication.

D.    Informal verbal communication.

1.     Answer D

Explanation The best choice is informal verbal communication. This does not mean you do not keep records of the problem, but it is best to start this discussion informally. If informal communication does not solve the problem, formal written communication is the next choice.

2.     Answer B

Explanation Written communication allows your words to be documented, and they will go to everyone in the same form. When there are complex problems, you want everyone to receive the same information.

3.     Answer D

Explanation The work breakdown structure can be used for communication vertically and horizontally within the organization, as well as outside the project.

4.     Answer C

Explanation The major result of communication blockers and miscommunication as a whole is conflict.

5.     Answer D

Explanation Understanding the receiver’s perspective allows the sender to direct the communication to meet the receiver’s needs.

6.     Answer B

Explanation Everything we do is more formal in a procurement environment than in other project activities. Therefore, formal written communication is required when the customer requests work not covered under the contract.

7.     Answer B

Explanation Nonverbal communication carries 55 percent of the message you send. With this much at stake, nonverbal communication is of major importance.

8.     Answer D

Explanation Although the information is found within the project management plan, the communications management plan is the best answer because it directly answers the question.

9.     Answer C

Explanation The question states that all stakeholders received the information, so the issue is not that this stakeholder did not receive it. The problem presented here illustrates that there is something missing in the communications management plan. The best answer is to review the communications management plan in order to prevent future problems and find any instances of similar problems.

10. Answer A

Explanation The project status needs to be known by many people. Therefore, it is best to present this information n in writing so that it can be transmitted to many people at once. It is also formal in that it is an official report of the project. Therefore, formal written communication is the best answer.

11.   Answer B

Explanation Did you realize the project manager is part of the communication channels? Therefore, there are actually four stakeholders to begin with and six channels of communication. The question is asking how many total channels of communication you have with a team of five people. The formula is [N x (N-l)]/2 or (5 x 4)/2 = 10.

12.   Answer D

Explanation Remember that nonverbal communication represents 55 percent of all communication. The choice including paralingual communication (pitch and tone), as well as physical mannerisms, is the best choice.

13.   Answer B

Explanation Because of the differences in culture and the distance between team members, formal written communication is needed.

14.   Answer D

Explanation Courtesy and consideration is not a “rule” for effective meetings. Since there is no indication that the meeting was not scheduled in advance or that there isn’t a purpose, these cannot be the best answers. “Discussed at random” implies no agenda. If an agenda is issued beforehand, people will follow the outline and should not need random discussions.

15.   Answer B

Explanation The key word is quickly. The status report is too detailed for a quick look. The forecast report only looks into the future. The progress report summarizes project status, and would be the most helpful for a quick review.

16.   Answer A

Explanation Questions like this drive people crazy. There are many choices that are reasonably correct. Look for the most immediate need. Here, the team member is in a manufacturing environment. That means communications will most likely be blocked by noise. It is best for the project manager to ask the team member to repeat back what he says, to ensure the team member correctly heard what the project manager communicated.

17.   Answer D

Explanation This is another question with more than one right answer. Would asking for something in writing be the best way to communicate? In this particular situation, asking for the concern to be in writing might alienate the stakeholders. The issue log is where the issue should be listed, but the situation does not say if the project manager knows what the stakeholders’ concern is. Therefore, using the issue log cannot be the best choice. Why not make a presentation to all the stakeholders regarding the status of the project? The project manager already knows stakeholders A and B have the concern, not all the stakeholders. This problem would likely require informal verbal communication to discover the real problem. Arranging a meeting with the concerned stakeholders is therefore the best choice.

18.   Answer A

Explanation It seems like all of these are good ideas, but having the stakeholders review the list of project requirements helps discover errors and changes, and could therefore be considered the best choice.

19.   Answer B

Explanation Since there is no information about the sponsor or his needs in this situation, focusing on his needs cannot be best. The statement that successor activities should have been watched, rather than the predecessors, is not a correct statement. A project manager should watch both predecessor and successor activities. Attendance at the party and the issue at hand are not related. Often forgotten in communications management plans are the bosses of team members (functional management in a matrix organization). Including the bosses of team members in communications planning, requirements gathering, risk management, and other areas of project management helps make the project better. In addition, it helps the functional managers manage their resources effectively. If the functional manager of the team member assigned to the predecessor activity had been included in the project planning processes, he would have known when the team member was needed to do work for the project and the impact, if any, of delay. The comm
unications management plan should also have included a method to communicate potential delays.

20.    Answer D

Explanation Working with people from different cultures with different cultural values and beliefs necessitates an understanding of both basic definitions and areas of cultural impact. As project managers, we need to have good communication skills and a willingness to adapt to other cultures.

21.    Answer B

Explanation Many of these choices could be done, but ask yourself, “What is the most effective thing to do?” The party may well generate lessons learned, and recording them would certainly be a good idea, but the question asked what to do first. There is a more immediate issue—the manager. Meeting with all the stakeholders could be useful, but there is only one stakeholder, the manager, who definitely has an issue. Besides, a good project manager would be holding regular meetings with the stakeholders already. Making sure the manager has a copy of the communications management plan might be a good idea, as the manager apparently is not communicating with the project manager. However, this would not be enough to ensure the manager does communicate.

The manager is, in effect, saying he is not getting the information he needs. His lack of needed information is causing him to suggest more meetings. However, too many meetings are a problem on projects. A great project manager does not just add meetings, but solves the real problem in the best way.

A goal of information distribution is to get information to those who need it. The project manager may decide to adjust the information distribution process by changing the format of a report or sending existing reports to the manager with the issue, rather than adding meetings. Therefore, the correct choice is to review the information distribution methods on the project.

22.    Answer A

Explanation Team members’ reporting on what they are doing may best be done outside of meetings. The main purpose of status meetings is to exchange project information.

23.    Answer D

Explanation This issue should be over, but since there were so many meetings and arguments about the requirements being removed, it is unlikely the issue will be dropped by the stakeholders. However, as it has not come up again and the project was started six months ago, spending time in a meeting is excessive. The other choices are easier, have less impact on the project, and are therefore things that could be done.

24.    Answer D

Explanation The pitch and tone of voice (paralingual communication) is not relevant here, as the project manager could not even hear all that was being said. There were no issues recognized after the conversation, so none could be added to the issue log. This issue is not related to communications requirements, so that choice cannot be best Saying, “I am not sure properly heard what you said,” during the conversation or repeating the message back to the team member would have prevented this problem. Giving and requesting feedback during the communication is the best option.

25.    Answer A

Explanation Stakeholders have an impact throughout the project, but they must be identified and involved at the beginning of the project, in order to determine their requirements and expectations. If this effort is not done early, the results may be expensive changes and/or dissatisfaction later in the project.

26.    Answer D

Explanation Once again, it is important to look for the choice that would solve the real problem. There is no reason to think that training, management oversight, or a need for more processes are factors contributing to the number of changes. The root cause is that stakeholders were missed and, as a result, their requirements were not found. Those stakeholders are now requesting changes to accommodate their needs.

27.    Answer A

Explanation Stakeholders can be identified throughout the project. However, the earlier stakeholders are identified, the better for the project. If all of the stakeholders’ needs and requirements are taken into account before plans are finalized and project work is begun, fewer changes will be needed later in the project, when they will be more costly.

28.    Answer D

Explanation This situation describes the need to “compare.” A trend report shows performance over time. A forecasting report looks only to the future. A status report is generally static (relating to a moment in time). The only choice that compares project results is a variance analysis.

29.    Answer B

Explanation The project manager cannot avoid the stakeholder, because he has a stake in the project. The project manager can say “No,” but this does not solve the root cause of the problem. There may be some good ideas within those changes. The only choice that deals with the problem is getting the stakeholder involved in the project as soon as possible.

Changes generally arise due to lack of input at the beginning of the project. If the project manager begins effective communication with this stakeholder early, there is a much better chance his changes will be discovered during the planning process, when they will have less of an impact on the project.

30.    Answer A

Explanation When we talk about contracts, everything we do is more formal than in other project activities. Records are also important in procurement, thus the need for written communication.

!2018 – DashCam

DAdmin approved. New in box

Dash cam 

Sb 39

Located 72 and 192 approx. Pickup within 72 hours pls. 
Full HD Car DVR G30 car Camara with Night Vision

You need to remove the protective film before you install the DVR.

> Lens: 170 degree A + grade high resolution ultra-wide angle lens

> Files Format: AVI.

> Image Sensor: AR0330

> Video Resolution: 1920*1080; 1280*720; 848*480; 640*480

> Recording Video Format: H.264,Audio:AAC

> Seamless Loop Recording,don’t loss second

> Automatically Power on/off: Support Auto ignition boot,turn off shutdown

>Interface:support USB;

> Motion Detection: Support

> Night Vision: Support

> Time Synchronization: Support

> Photo Format: 1200W

> Support Memory Card: TF (maximum support 32GB)(Card not included)

> Built-in stereo: Support

> Video format: PAL/NTSC

> Frequency: 50HZ/60HZ

> USB Function: USB-Disk;Charging

> Power Interface: 5V 1A

> System Requires: Windows 
Package: 1 x Car DVR

               1 x Car Charger

               1 x User Manual 

               1 x USB cable

!2018 – PMI’s PMP_1

EAC practice question:

The project has 105 communication channels in the planning phase; in the execution phase the communication channels increase to 300.  What is the net increase in stakeholders in this project?

A. 5 stakeholders

B. 10 stakeholders

C. 15 stakeholders

D. 20 stakeholders


B: (15×14)/2    = 105   (25×24)/2   = 300;
EAC practice question:

BAC: $ 1,200

EV: $ 800

AC: $ 1,400

The EAC for the project is:

A.  $ 2,100

B. $ 1,800

C. $ 2,000

D. $ 1,900
B. Hope my understanding was correct this time.
Answer A
1There is a fundamental misconception in this question –
“The EAC” implies there is but one answer. The first word in “EAC” is “Estimate.” There are many ways to calculate estimates. The example would fit the answer choices if asked “Based on performance experienced to date, the EAC for the project is:” To put it in basic terms, the cumulative cost variance is -$600 ($800 – $1,400), or .75 of EV (600/800). If efficiency does not change, the project will overrun budget by 75% of BAC, or $900 for a final cost of $2,100. Thus Ron DeJonckheere is correct but only given that assumption about performance. (I could create a formula to support any of those answers, but that’s just creative mathematics, not performance management.) 

My experience shows that $2,100 is the minimum possible EAC because at this stage of completion (2/3 complete) performance trends are well established.
Sorry Jose S. Morales Brunet but Ron DeJonckheere’s question about your source is valid. The “ascending ETC” formula is not logical. Another way to think of it is the remaining PV is $400. If remaining work is performed at the same cumulative efficiency of .75, AC would be $700. Added to the $1,400 AC, the final cost would be $2,100.
I hope this helps people understand. A very important final point is that formulas are no substitute for management. Think of it this way – you explain to management “If performance continues as we have seen to date, this would be an estimate. However, if it improves to X (or deteriorates to Y) this would be another estimate. That kind of discussion will help to identify and clarify risk and to make better-informed decisions by understanding the range of possible estimates, not a point estimate blindly using a formula.


Procurement Management practice question:                                

The Project Manager has to make a decision between buying a computer system or leasing it. The cost of leasing the computer system is $ 265 per day.  If the computer system is purchased the cost is $2,750, in addition it has maintenance costs of $ 15 per day.  How much time is required for leasing to be the best decision you can make in this project? 

A. More than 10 days 

B. Less than 11 days 

C. 12 days or less 

D. 13 days or less

CThe 15 per day is on the purchase not the lease.   

Formula looks like this:

265x=2750+15x so 265x-15x=2750

250x=2750 so x=2750÷250=11

Solve for x. x=11   or

265* x = 2750 + 15*x,  by rearranging 265x-15x = 2750, therefore 250x = 2750, hence x = 2750/250 = 11 days. It is exactly 11 days, so less than 11 days would be better for leasing.


Resource Management practice question  

You finish the performance evaluation of one of the project team members. When you show the evaluation to the resource manager, she recommends that you lower the level of performance because this person has a reputation of being a type X employee. This is an example of (choose the best answer): 
A. Theory of constraints

B.  Halo effect 

C.  Autocratic style of leadership 

D. Coercive power

!2018 – Be an Eagle

7 Principles Of An Eagle – Dr. Myles Monroe

Eagles fly alone at high altitude and not with sparrows or other small birds. No other bird can got to the height of the eagle. Stay away from sparrows and ravens.

Eagles fly with Eagles


Eagles have strong vision. They have the ability to focus on something up to five kilometers away. When an eagle sites his prey, he narrows his focus on it and set out to get it. No matter the obstacles, the eagle will not move his focus from the prey until he grabs it.

Have a vision and remain focused no matter what the obstacle and you will succeed.


Eagles do not eat dead things. They feed only on fresh prey. Vultures eat dead animals, but eagles will not.

Be careful with what you feed your eyes and ears with, especially in movies and on TV. Steer clear of outdated and old information. Always do your research well.


Eagles love the storm. When clouds gather, the eagles get excited. The eagle uses the storm’s wind to lift it higher. Once it finds the wind of the storm, the eagles uses the raging storm to lift him above the

clouds. This gives the eagle an opportunity to glide and rest its wings. In the meantime, all the other birds hide in the leaves and branches of the trees.

We can use the storms of life to rise to greater heights. Achievers relish challenges and use them profitably.


The Eagle tests before it trusts. When a female eagle meets a male and they want to mate, she flies down to earth with the male pursuing her and she picks a twig. She flies back into the air with the male pursuing her.

Once she has reached a height high enough for her, she lets the twig fall to the ground and watches it as it falls. The male chases after the twig. The faster it falls, the faster he chases it. He has to catch it before it

falls to the ground. He then brings it back to the female eagle.

The female eagle grabs the twig and flies to a higher altitude and then drops the twig for the male to chase. This goes on for hours, with the height increasing until the female eagle is assured that the male eagle has mastered the art of catching the twig which shows commitment. Then and only then, will she allow him to mate with her.

Whether in private life or in business, one should test commitment of people intended for partnership.


When ready to lay eggs, the female and male eagle identify a place very high on a cliff where no predators can reach. The male flies to earth and picks thorns and lays them on the crevice of the cliff, then flies to earth again to collect twigs which he lays in the intended nest. He flies back to earth and picks thorns laying them on top of the twigs. He flies back to earth and picks soft grass to cover the thorns. When this first layering is complete the male eagle runs back to earth and picks more thorns, lays them on the nest; runs back to get grass it on top of the thorns, then plucks his feathers to complete the nest. The thorns on the outside of the nest protect it from possible intruders. Both male and female eagles participate in raising the eagle family. She lays the eggs and protects them; he builds the nest and hunts. During the time of training the young ones to fly, the mother eagle throws the eaglets out of the nest. Because they are scared, they jump into the nest again.

Next, she throws them out and then takes off the soft layers of the nest, leaving the thorns bare When the scared eaglets again jump into the nest, they are pricked by thorns. Shrieking and bleeding they jump out again this time wondering why the mother and father who love them so much are torturing them. Next, mother eagle pushes them off the cliff into the air. As they shriek in fear, father eagle flies out and catches them up on his back before they fall and brings them back to the cliff. This goes on for sometime until they start flapping their wings. They get excited at this newfound knowledge that they can fly.

The preparation of the nest teaches us to prepare for changes; The preparation for the family teaches us that active participation of both partners leads to success; The being pricked by the thorns tells us that sometimes being too comfortable where we are may result into our not experiencing life, not progressing and not learning at all. The thorns of life come to teach us that we need to grow, get out of the nest and live on. We may not know it but the seemingly comfortable and safe haven may have thorns.

The people who love us do not let us languish in sloth but push us hard to grow and prosper. Even in their seemingly bad actions they have good intentions for us.


When an Eagle grows old, his feathers become weak and cannot take him as fast as he should. When he feels weak and about to die, he retires to a place far away in the rocks. While there, he plucks out every feather on his body until he is completely bare. He stays in this hiding place until he has grown new feathers, then he can come out.

We occasionally need to shed off old habits & items that burden us without adding to our lives.



reTwogger: 180716tko

What is Ascoril?

Ascoril Expectorant is used for CoughCoughing, Chest congestion, AsthmaBronchitisBreathing problemsColdsSinusitisBack painChronic bronchitis and other conditions. Ascoril Expectorant may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Ascoril Expectorant contains BromhexineGuaifenesinMenthol and Terbutaline as active ingredients.

Ascoril Expectorant works by increasing the viscid or excessive mucus in respiratory tract thus making phlegm thinner; temporarily relieving minor pain; relaxing and opening the airways; reducing the phlegm in the air passages;

Glenmark Pharma (Majesta) manufactures Ascoril Expectorant.

Detailed information related to Ascoril Expectorant’s uses, composition, dosage, side effects and reviews is listed below:

AThe complete list of uses and indications for Ascoril Expectorant is as follows:

References: 1234.

What are the side-effects of Ascoril Expectorant?

The most commonly reported side-effects of Ascoril Expectorant are trembling or shaking, increased heart rate, headache, abdominal pain, dizziness, and emesis.

The following is a list of possible side effects that may occur from the use of Ascoril Expectorant. This is not a comprehensive list. These side-effects are possible, but do not always occur. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away.

If you notice other side-effects not listed above, contact your doctor for medical advice. You may also report side-effects to your local food and drug administration authority.

References: 123

Ascoril Expectorant – Drug Interactions

If you use other drugs or over the counter products at the same time, the effects of Ascoril Expectorant may change. This may increase your risk for side-effects or cause your drug not to work properly. Tell your doctor about all the drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements you are using, so that you doctor can help you prevent or manage drug interactions. Ascoril Expectorant may interact with the following drugs and products:

  • Alcohol
  • Anisindione
  • Bendrofluazide
  • Dicumarol
  • Furosemide
  • Metipranolol
  • Pancuronium
  • Theophylline
  • Warfarin

References: 12

Ascoril Expectorant – Precautions & How to Use

Before using Ascoril Expectorant, inform your doctor about your current list of medications, over the counter products (e.g. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc.), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (e.g. pregnancy, upcoming surgery, etc.). Some health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side-effects of the drug. Take as directed by your doctor or follow the direction printed on the product insert. Dosage is based on your condition. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens. Important counseling points are listed below.

References: 11

//———-reTwogger: 180716tko———-

!2018 – 0712Th Right wrist Post Surgery Briefing-1

teTwogger: 180620tko

0530hrs 20180712Th_1

1For the record in case wife/Benefactors wanna pursue future things as this injury or work related GoC. Honey this thing #mySummerBlues2018 was installed on me on last Thursday it’s been stuck on me full time now this is #Day8. It still had swelling on the hand then. Way up to my right hand knuckles. Wednesday 11th July Yesterday I woke up with lots of pain on my right wrist. Then took some T3 peels. Today it’s starting on-off pain. Will monitor all day long. 




reTwogger: 180614tko

!2018 – FIFA WorldCup #GameScheduleResults

2018-06-14Thu PST: 

Group Stages:
0800: 1. Russia 5 – 0 Saudi;

2018-06-15Fri PST:
0500: 2. Egypt 0 – 1 Uruguay;
0800: 3. Morocco 0 – 1 Iran
1100: 4. Portugal 3 – 3 Spain;

2018-06-16Sat PST:
0300: 05. France 2 – 1 Australia;
0600: 06. Argentina 1 – 1 Iceland;
0900: 07. Drnmark 1 – 0 Peru;
1200: 08. Croatia 2 – 0 Nigeria;

2018-06-17Sun PST: Fathers’ Day
0500: 09.  Serbia 1 – Costa Rica 0;
0800: 10. Mexico 1 – 0 Germany;
1100: 11. Brasil 1 – 1 Swiss;

2018-06-18Mon PST:
0500: 12. Sweden 1 – 0 RSKorea;
0800: 13. Belgium 3 – 0 Panama ;
1100: 14. England 2 – 1 Tunisia;

2018-06-19Tue PST:
0500: 15. Japan 2 – 1 Columbia;
0800: 16. Senegal 2 – 1 Poland;
1100: 17. Russia 3 – 1 Egypt; 

2018-06-20Wed PST:
0500: 18. Portugal 1 – 0 Morocco;
0800: 19. Uruguay 1 – 0 Saudi Arabia;
1100: 20. Spain 1- 0 Iran;

2018-06-21Thu PST:
0500: 21. Denmark 1 – 1 Australia;
0800: 22. France 1 – 0 Peru;
1100: 23. Croatia 3 – 0 Argentina;

2018-06-22Fri PST:
0500: 24. Brasil 2 – 0 Costa Rica;
0800: 25. Nigeria 2 – 0 Iceland;
1100: 26. Swiss 2 – 1 Serbia;

2018-06-23Sat PST:
0500: 27. Belgium 5 – 2Tunisia;
0800: 28. Mexico 2 – 1 S. Korea;
1100: 29. Germany 2 – 1 Sweden- ;

2018-06-24Sun PST:
0500: 30. England 6 – 1 Panama;
0800: 31. Senegal 2 – 2 Japan;
1100: 32. Columbia 3 -: 0 Poland;

2018-06-25Mon PST:
0700: 33. Uruguay 3 – 0 Russia;
0700: 34. Egypt 1 – 2 Saudia;
1100: 35. Morocco 2 – 2 Spain;
1100: 36. Portugal 1 – 1 Iran;

2018-06-26Tue PST:
0700: 37. Peru 2 – 0 Australia;
0700: 38. Denmark 0 – 0 ;
1100: 39. Argentina 2 – 1 Nigeria;
1100: 40. Croatia 2 – 1 Iceland;

2018-06-27Wed PST:
0700: 41. S. Korea 2 – 0 Germany;
0700: 42. Sweden 3 – 0 Mexico;
1100: 43. Brasilia 2 – 0 Serbia;
1100: 44. CostaRica 2 – 2 Swissland;

2018-06-28Thu PST:
0700: 45. Polland 1 –  0 Japan;
0700: 46. Columbia 1 – 0   Senegal;
1100: 47. Tunisia 2 – 1 Panama;
1100: 48. Belgium 1 – 0 England;

Elimination Stage(Group of 16):

2018-06-30Sat PST:
0700: 49. France 4 – 3 Argentina;  KO1
1100: 50. Uruguay 2 – 1 Portugal; KO2
Uruguay Vs France in QF1

2018-07-01Sun PST:
0700: 51.RUS 1(4) – 1(3) SPN; KO3
1100: 52. CROT 1(3) – 1(2) DEN; KO4.
Russia Vs Croatia in QF2

2018-07-02Mon PST:
0700: 53. Brazil 2 – 0 Mexico; KO5.
1100: 54. Belgium 3 – 2 Japan; KO6.
Brazil Vs Belgium in QF3

2018-07-03Tue PST:
0700: 55. Sweden 1 – 0 Swiss; KO7.
1100: 56. Eng (1)4 – (1)3 Col; KO8.
England Vs Sweden in QF4

Quarter Finals(Group of 8):

2018-07-06Fri PST
0700: 57. Uruguay – France QF1
1100: 58. Brazil – Belgium QF2

2018-07-07Sat PST
0700: 59. England – Sweden  QF3
1100: 60. Russia – Croatia QF4

Semi Finals(Group of 4):

2018-07-10Tue PST
1100: 61. SF1: Winner 57 – Winner 58

2018-07-11Wed PST
1100: 62. SF2: Winner 59 – Winner 60

Runner up:

0700: 63. Looser 61 – Looser 62


2018-07-15Sun PST
0800: 64. Winner 61- Winner 62

!2018 – PMP: How to Memorize ITTOS For Exams_2

reTwogger: 180618tko

PMP mind maps

To Memorize or not to Memorize ITTOs is often a good topic for debate.

But I am not going there now.

Lets solve this problem by looking at the point where we all agree. Well that is a type of conflict resolution is not it? ;)

That point of agreement is there are some I/TT/O which , if memorized can give us huge benefits in the exam.

Today I choose Expert Judgement, which is a Tools and Technique used in most processes but not all of them.Most probably because the Project Team and Project Manager can not ideally will like to go to experts for every decisons they have to make.

The Magic starts here:

You need to utilize the memory space theory. Ah! something like that. It says human brain remembers places better than other things. Well may be I did not remember the exact words. :P


Read the above trick and understand it to remember the Table 3-1 from Page 61 PMBOK 5th Ed.

it took me 2 days to get it in my “memory palace” and I can download it anytime in a piece of paper.

I remember the exact position of the 47 processes in the Table.

Basically now you should be able to tell me which processes I am referring If I say the number 221.

221== Row2 Column 2 Cell 1=Plan Scope Management. And many more tricks like that :).

Enhance the Magic: What if I tell you that you can remember any crucial I/TT/O ‘s position in your memory palace?Do you believe me? But that is a topic of discussion may be in my next topics.Reason being that technique is little bit complex and needs some memory skill/practise.

So finally I come to today’s topic. Phew!!

Expert Judgement using the memory palace and process of association.


Your memory palace has the picture of PMBOk Page 61.


You have made the memory Dump in a piece of paper.
[10X5 matrix]

Now get the following keys to your memory :

Xpert judgement (I like X coming first in Expert Judgement, I will explain the reason latter. For now think of expert judgement as X) is a TT for every process in Integration Management. So Row 1 is full with X.Visualize the picture.cross with one solid line in your paper. See yourself doing it. Again ! visulization is important here!!

So now you remember forever that every processes in First row[Integration] and First column[Initiation PG] have x.
While reading the following statements also try to visualize the matrix you just created.
It goes like IPEM&CC(I prefer Extra Mac&Cheese Cold)[The process Groups]

Now your brain is prepared to take my riddle. Here it goes!!

Xperts DON’T Collect Samples of DumbSchollers in Quacks as a Common Plan , rather they Directly Condemn Practises eating iMac&Chease while watching CrimeComedies with Manslaughter & Cannabies.

Read it and visualize the matrix…..

I am talking about Xpert Judgement(Off course you did not forget that yet!!).
They DONT do what?

DONT Collect Samples of DumbSchollers in Quacks as a Common Practice

Get the hint? XPerts are NOT part of these processes Collect Requirements,Sequence Activities,Develop Schedules,Quality Plan,Communication Plan[All in Planning Column.. come on , you are still visualising the matrix correct? Planning is the 2nd Column of PG]

Rather they are part of following processes

rather they Directly Condemn Practises eating iMac&Chease while watching CrimeComedies with Manslaughter & Cannabies

Direct&Manage Work,Conduct Procurement,[Executing Process Group..correct you are visualizing the matrix, Column 3 Executing],M&C and Integrated Change Control,Control Communication,Manage Stakeholder Engagement[Controlling process group , Column 4] , Closing [Column 5 Closing PG] .

While you were reading the riddle you are putting one x for the candidates from second part of the riddle:
[Direct&Manage Work,Conduct Procurement,[Executing Process Group..correct you are visualizing the matrix, Column 3 Executing],M&C and Integrated Change Control,Control Communication,Manage Stakeholder Engagement[Controlling process group , Column 4],Closing [Column 5 Closing PG] ]

After completing pass1 you put x all the other places except the DON’T processes.[DON’T Collect Samples of DumbSchollers in Quacks as a Common Practice]=[Collect Requirements,Sequence Activities,Develop Schedules,Quality Plan,Communication Plan]

So the final matrix have the cells/processes marked with x.

TIP: Close Procurement does not have x.Just remember this one as a Fact.Read the FACT: Only the first Row and first Column Only have the “Solid line”, the line telling you all processes of first row [Project Integration Management]and Initiation PG [First Column]have X as TT.The 5th Column does not have any “Solid Line” , so “not all” processes have X as TT there.

Note: Thank you Sir Harry Loyrane!!

If this concept gets accepted here I would like to share more memory magics that can help PMP aspirants :). DO let me know!! :D and do not watch too much Crime Comedies ;)
//———-reTwogger: 180618tko———-

!2018 – Marriage and Happiness_101

Quote: …”Now I apply the principles I used in the weight room to my marriage. For example, I used to get anxious when my wife was feeling sad or stressed. And I used to snap at her if I felt attacked or threatened. For over a year I’ve been working to improve myself in this area. I practice self-soothing, taking deep breaths, and thinking before I speak, and giving my wife the benefit of the doubt and trying to understand her perspective when I feel hurt.”…

reTwogger: 180615tko.


Seriously. What’s the Point of Marriage?

Today it’s time to bust out a cold, hard truth: the point of marriage is not happiness. The point of marriage is growth.


By Nate Bagley

What’s the point of marriage?

No, really, this is a serious question. What’s the point? If you don’t have a goal, objective, or specific outcome in mind, or if you don’t know what you and your partner’s needs are and how best to fulfill them, how can you know whether or not you’re being successful in your partnership?

Having the wrong goals or “point” to your marriage can leave you feeling frustrated, alone, or even reeling in confusion or anger. Speaking of anger (this will all tie together, so stay with me here), I saw a quote on social media the other day that got me really upset:

“You deserve to be with somebody who makes you happy. Somebody who doesn’t complicate your life. Somebody who won’t hurt you.”

This quote got me riled up because this is the kind of hogwash cooked up by a social media manager in desperate need of some validating “likes.” It can destroy relationships because it is offering an ineffective platitude that people will take as serious advice.

Is unending happiness the goal? Sounds boring.

So, here’s another honest question: since when did the pinnacle of relationship achievement become existing in a constant, unchanging state of happiness, simplicity, and total safety? When did the fantasy of “and they lived happily ever after“ stop being the end of a storybook for kids and turn into literal #lifegoals?

I don’t remember “providing your partner with an endless supply of happiness” being in the details for me or my wife when we signed up for this marriage thing. Social psychologist Eli Finkel argues in his book, The All or Nothing Marriage, how, in today’s world, couples expect more and more of each other. We rely on each other for many aspects of socialization and support that, prior to the twentieth century, many people found outside of their marriages.

Don’t get me wrong, I think happiness is great. It’s necessary in all aspects of life, and especially in a relationship. But it’s also a fluid emotion that comes and goes based on how your stomach reacts to the burrito you ate for lunch today, your coworker’s irritable habits, what’s happening in the White House this week, if your baseball team wins or loses, or who lives or dies on Game of Thrones.

Happiness is not a strong, stable foundation upon which to build lasting, committed love. It is simply too unstable, fleeting, and constantly in flux, and the ways in which we achieve happiness changes as we change over time.

Honestly, sustained and immutable happiness is arguably the most ineffective goal you could set for your relationship because it’s not possible to achieve. The reality of happiness, just like any other emotion, is that it comes and goes, just like the in-laws during the holidays, eighties fashion, or stomach cramps.

Well, today it’s time to bust out another cold, hard truth:

The point of marriage is not happiness. The point of marriage is growth.

The key to becoming a truly successful couple is to take action and expand your comfort zone. Marriage is what Dr. David Schnarch, author of the book Passionate Marriage, calls a “Human Growth Machine.” And Finkel also posits that, in our world, “a new kind of marriage has emerged, one that can promote self-discovery, self-esteem, and personal growth like never before.” I love the idea of having a growth-centered marriage. That is something I can achieve, and it feels satisfying to grow and improve. It is a tangible goal.

Regarding goals: in the last few years I started doing something I never thought I’d do. I lift weights.

I used to be a slender little guy. I once dropped a girl when I was country dancing and was so embarrassed by my weak muscles that I never went back. Then I hit the gym. I remember when I first started lifting, I squatted 225 pounds and my coach was like, “Dude, Nate! That’s awesome!”

I was so proud of myself! So, I kept at it.

A few years later, after grinding away at the gym every week, I now squat around 345 pounds. Big improvement, right? And every time I add another pound, I feel like a champion because growth is satisfying and progress feels amazing.

How to keep your marriage strong for the long run

Now I apply the principles I used in the weight room to my marriage. For example, I used to get anxious when my wife was feeling sad or stressed. And I used to snap at her if I felt attacked or threatened. For over a year I’ve been working to improve myself in this area. I practice self-soothing, taking deep breaths, and thinking before I speak, and giving my wife the benefit of the doubt and trying to understand her perspective when I feel hurt.

I’m definitely not perfect (a little secret: nobody is!), but I’m getting better at managing conflict between us and using it as an opportunity for understanding and growth. I’m less stressed out when she is. I snap at her less. My wife even smiles compassionately at me when she sees me taking deep breaths, or using the plans we’ve put in place to help us fight better and love smarter.

She’s commented that I’m improving, and because of that, we’re improving as a couple. But, like working out, it’s not easy, and especially not at first. It stretches your comfort zone. It pushes you to your limits. It expands your capacities as a human being. And this painful stretching and expanding and growing means that, sometimes, your partner and your marriage will not make you happy.

Honestly, marriage is a challenge. And it’s a good one because marriage reveals your limitations and exposes your weaknesses, flaws, and vulnerabilities. Marriage makes you painfully aware of how impatient you might be, of your struggles to say “no” to things that aren’t important and “yes” to things that are, and of how challenging it is to navigate your differences when you’re feeling overwhelmed or stressed, or simply hangry.

Marriage challenges you to deal with sickness, tragedy, financial stresses, changes in faith or beliefs, job loss, weight gain, raising kids, losing parents and other family members, and you have to do it all while supporting and satisfying another emotional human being!

You can’t tackle this stuff and come out on the other side still in love with each other by remaining the exact same people you were when you started. You can’t go through all of that together while remaining in perpetual bliss. You have to constantly grow and evolve into the version of you that’s capable of facing and overcoming the unique challenges that life throws at you at any given moment.

That dynamic won’t feel like perfection, but that’s actually what you want. In fact, Dr. John Gottman argues strongly in favor of a good enough marriage when he states that today, couples “expect to be treated with kindness, love, affection, and respect. They do not tolerate emotional or physical abuse. They expect their partner to be loyal. This does not mean they expect their relationship to be free of conflict. Even happily married couples argue. Conflict is healthy because it leads to greater understanding.”

You will be confronted with uncomfortable truths throughout your marriage. It might be about sex, or money, or time spent together, or parenting, or all of that. Things won’t always work out how you plan them, and plans may need to change if you’re going to have the relationship you want.

Having someone challenge you to expand and grow can make things feel worse before they get better. It may even put the relationship on the line if you or your partner refuse to confront your own flaws, or if you won’t take responsibility when things go wrong. If the Four Horsemencome charging into the dynamic, then you might be doomed if you don’t find ways to fight them off.

But this is what love is really about. It is not always about always pleasing your partner, or always being pleased yourself. Instead, it is about supporting your partner.

Pleasing your partner means you make sure they are happy and comfortable and worry-free, and there will be times you must do that. But if that’s your primary goal, it might cause you to be overly agreeable and accommodating even when your partner is being unkind or hurtful. And we all make those mistakes, but pleasing your partner also means shielding your partner from anything that could make them feel challenged or uncomfortable.

Like the uncomfortable experience of growth.

Supporting your partner means you have their best interests at heart and you intentionally act to uphold and achieve those interests. It means you stand by their side, you help them, you have their back, and sometimes it means you engage in conflict about difficult truths and regrettable incidents. True partners dedicate themselves to the person they love and to the bond they share, even when those acts of dedication might be temporarily painful due to the positive growth it causes.

Dedication to that positive growth forces you to identify and open up about your weaknesses, insecurities, and fears is exactly what leads to the periods of happiness, trust, connection, passion, and commitment.

Is that the kind of love you want? Or are you willing to settle for less?

The Marriage Minute is an email newsletter from The Gottman Institute that will improve your marriage in 60 seconds or less. Over 40 years of research with thousands of couples has proven a simple fact: small things often can create big changes over time. Got a minute? Sign up below.

Nate Bagley

Nate Bagley is a relationship researcher on a mission to rid the world of mediocre love. He’s traveled the country interviewing hundreds of America’s top relationship experts for hispodcast, and shares his biggest breakthroughs on his blog. He loves hearing from people who enjoy his writing. So, if you liked this post please drop him a line!

Originally published at www.gottman.com


//———-reTwogger: 180615tko.———-